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© 2020

Machine Ethics

From Machine Morals to the Machinery of Morality

Book

Part of the Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics book series (SAPERE, volume 53)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxv
  2. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 1-17
  3. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 19-24
  4. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 25-32
  5. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 33-37
  6. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 45-51
  7. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 53-60
  8. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 61-67
  9. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 69-73
  10. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 75-80
  11. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 81-85
  12. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 93-96
  13. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 97-102
  14. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 103-112
  15. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 113-120
  16. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 121-134
  17. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 135-141
  18. Luís Moniz Pereira, António Barata Lopes
    Pages 143-148

About this book

Introduction

This book offers the first systematic guide to machine ethics, bridging between computer science, social sciences and philosophy. Based on a dialogue between an AI scientist and a novelist philosopher, the book discusses important findings on which moral values machines can be taught and how. In turn, it investigates what kind of artificial intelligence (AI) people do actually want.

What are the main consequences of the integration of AI in people’s every-day life? In order to co-exist and collaborate with humans, machines need morality, but which moral values should we teach them? Moreover, how can we implement benevolent AI? These are just some of the questions carefully examined in the book, which offers a comprehensive account of ethical issues concerning AI, on the one hand, and a timely snapshot of the power and potential benefits of this technology on the other. Starting with an introduction to common-sense ethical principles, the book then guides the reader, helping them develop and understand more complex ethical concerns and placing them in a larger, technological context. The book makes these topics accessible to a non-expert audience, while also offering alternative reading pathways to inspire more specialized readers.


Keywords

Computational Morality Programming Artificial Emotions Machine Autonomy Identity in the Digital World Machine Decision Making Counterfactual Reasoning Critical Thinking and AI Evolution of morality Employing AI for moral understanding Identity in the digital world Man-machine symbiosis Superintelligent machines Distribution of AI-produced wealth Social impact of intelligent machines

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT)Universidade Nova de Lisboa (UNL)CaparicaPortugal
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciências Humanas e SociaisAgrupamento de Escolas Anselmo de AndradeAlmadaPortugal

About the authors

Luís Moniz Pereira is Emeritus Professor of Computer Science at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa (UNL), Portugal. He is a member of the NOVA Laboratory for Computer Science and Informatics (NOVA-LINCS) of the Informatics Department. In 2001 he was elected Fellow of the European Association of Artificial Intelligence (EurAI). In 2006 he was awarded a Doctor Honoris Causa by the Technische Universität Dresden. He has been a member of the Board of Trustees and Scientific Advisory Board of IMDEA, the Madrid Institute of Software Advanced Studies, since 2006. In 1984 he became the founding President of the Portuguese Association for Artificial Intelligence (APPIA). His research focuses on the representation of knowledge and reasoning, logic programming, cognitive sciences and evolutionary game theory. In 2019 he received the National Medal of Scientific Merit. More information, including other awards and his publications at: http://userweb.fct.unl.pt/~lmp/

António Lopes has a Licentiate's degree in Philosophy from the Portuguese Catholic University, and a Master in the same area from the Nova University of Lisbon. He is a philosophy teacher at the Anselmo de Andrade High School, where he is Coordinator of the Department of Social and Human Sciences. He published – with the Parsifal editions – the novels Como se Fosse a Última Vez (As If It Were the Last Time) and O Vale da Tentação (The Valley of Temptation). He is co-author of the book Animais que Ficaram para a História (Animals that Went Down in History), recently published by Editora Manuscrito, an imprint of the Grupo Presença. He collaborated in the book A Máquina Iluminada – Cognição e Computação (The Enlightened Machine – Cognition and Computation), authored by Luís Moniz Pereira, published by Fronteira do Caos Editores, 2016.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Machine Ethics
  • Book Subtitle From Machine Morals to the Machinery of Morality
  • Authors Luís Moniz Pereira
    António Barata Lopes
  • Series Title Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics
  • Series Abbreviated Title Studies Applied Philosophy, Epistemology
  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-39630-5
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Computer Science Computer Science (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-030-39629-9
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-39632-9
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-030-39630-5
  • Series ISSN 2192-6255
  • Series E-ISSN 2192-6263
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XXV, 164
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Artificial Intelligence
    Engineering Ethics
    Robotics and Automation
    Cognitive Psychology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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Reviews

“This book challenges us to remake the myths into which we have all been born, in terms of which we have all been educated and currently live – if only in the mode of rejection, struggling to free ourselves. The great promise of this work is that it can help us refashion our city without the extermination of older generations in order to remove resistance to change.” (Jeffrey White, Prometheus, Vol. 36 (4), December, 2020)