© 2020

Biology of Composts

  • Mukesh K. Meghvansi
  • Ajit Varma

Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 58)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Composting: Paradigms and Mechanisms

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Chaney C. G. St. Martin, Judy Rouse-Miller, Gem Thomas Barry, Piterson Vilpigue
      Pages 3-30
    3. Phatu William Mashela, Kgabo Martha Pofu, Ebrahim Shokoohi
      Pages 31-47
    4. Mouna Jeridi, Amel Ayari-Akkari, Sazada Siddiqui, K. K. Chaudhary
      Pages 49-62
  3. Modern Tools and Techniques for Composting Research

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 125-125
    2. Mukesh K. Meghvansi, K. K. Chaudhary, Mohammad Haneef Khan, Sazada Siddiqui, Ajit Varma
      Pages 127-151
    3. Sazada Siddiqui, Saad Alamri, Suliman Al Rumman, Mohammed A. Al-Kahtani, Mukesh K. Meghvansi, Mouna Jeridi et al.
      Pages 181-202
    4. Chaney C. G. St. Martin, Judy Rouse-Miller, Piterson Vilpigue, Richard Rampersaud
      Pages 203-214
  4. Composting Applications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 215-215
    2. Sunita Varjani, M. Chaithanya Sudha, N. Manoj Kumar, B. Basant Kumar Pillai, Vijay Kumar Srivastava, Mukesh Kumar Awasthi et al.
      Pages 217-244
    3. Laura Buzón-Durán, Eduardo Pérez-Lebeña, Jesús Martín-Gil, Mercedes Sánchez-Báscones, Pablo Martín-Ramos
      Pages 257-291

About this book


This book highlights the latest findings on fundamental aspects of composting, the interaction of various microorganisms, and the underlying mechanisms. In addition to addressing modern tools and techniques used for composting research, it provides an overview of potential composting applications in both agriculture and environmental reclamation.

Composting is the process of organic waste decomposition, mediated by microorganisms. The end-product is called ‘compost’ and can be used as a supplement to improve soil fertility. As the municipal waste generated in most developing countries contains a substantial amount of organic matter suitable for composting, this technology offers a win-win opportunity for stakeholders in terms of disposing of organic waste and providing organic fertilizers for agriculture. In addition, using compost reduces the dependency on harmful chemical fertilizers, and represents a sustainable and environmentally friendly alternative.


Organic matter decomposition Composting vermicomposting organic waste biodegredation Plant nutrition Soil microbial activities Compost soil conditioner humus green waste decomposition fertilizer soil amendment

Editors and affiliations

  • Mukesh K. Meghvansi
    • 1
  • Ajit Varma
    • 2
  1. 1.Bioprocess Technology DivisionDefence Research and Development EstablishmentGwaliorIndia
  2. 2.Amity Institute of Microbial TechnologyAmity UniversityNoidaIndia

About the editors

Dr. Mukesh K. Meghvansi, earned his PhD from MDS University, Ajmer (India) under a Euro Commission-sponsored project. After serving as lecturer at Bundelkhand University Jhansi (India) for a stint, he joined as a scientist in Defence R & D Organisation, Govt of India in 2008. He has more than fifty publications in various international/national journals. He has edited/authored three books including a Springer publication ‘Organic Amendments and Soil Suppressiveness’ under Soil Biology series. Currently he is engaged in R & D on biodegradation of human faecal matter.


Prof. Dr. Ajit Varma obtained his PhD from Allahabad University (India). He served as professor at School of Life Science, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi for about three decades. Currently, he is working as Distinguished Scientist & Professor of Eminence at Amity University, Noida, Delhi-NCR, India. He has published over 290 articles in National and International journals,38 books in the area of Microbial Technology, published by Academic Press, London, CRC Press, Florida, USA, IDRC, Canada and Springer-Verlag, Germany. He was nominated as Editor-in-Chief by Springer-Verlag (Germany & New York), to prepare 50 volumes on Soil Biology. He is recipient of a number of international awards/fellowships including Commonwealth Fellowship (Australia), Alexander von-Humboldt fellowship (Germany), DAAD Fellowship (Germany) and many more. He is fellow of several national and international professional bodies including National Academy of Agriculture Sciences (India), International Society of Symbiosis (USA) and  Indian Science Congress Association.

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