© 2020

Valorisation of Agro-industrial Residues – Volume I: Biological Approaches

  • Zainul Akmar Zakaria
  • Ramaraj Boopathy
  • Julian Rafael Dib

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Jemilatu Omuwa Audu, Eka Latiffah Nadia Dzulkarnain, Zaharah Ibrahim, Norahim Ibrahim, Mohd Firdaus Abdul-Wahab
    Pages 1-35
  3. Nor Zalina Othman, Mohd Nadzreen Hidayat Sarjuni, Mohamad Azzuan Rosli, Muhammad Helmi Nadri, Leong Hong Yeng, Ong Pei Ying et al.
    Pages 37-57
  4. Nur Izyan Wan Azelee, Nor Hasmaliana Abdul Manas, Daniel Joe Dailin, Aizi Nor Mazila Ramli, Shalyda Md Shaarani
    Pages 59-79
  5. Alicia Guadalupe Talavera-Caro, María Alejandra Sánchez-Muñoz, Inty Omar Hernández-De Lira, Lilia Ernestina Montañez-Hernández, Ayerim Yedid Hernández-Almanza, Jésus Antonio Morlett-Chávez et al.
    Pages 81-110
  6. Muhd Nazrul Hisham Zainal Alam, Nadia Adrus, Mohd Firdaus Abdul Wahab, Mohd Johari Kamaruddin, Mohd Helmi Sani
    Pages 131-147
  7. Chidambaram Kulandaisamy Venil, Ponnuswamy Renuka Devi, Wan Azlina Ahmad
    Pages 149-162
  8. Juan Carlos Clavijo-Salinas, John Fuertez, Luz Stella Cadavid-Rodríguez, Janeth Sanabria
    Pages 185-202
  9. Sabu Abdulhameed, Nikhitha Surendran O, Madathilkovilakathu Haridas
    Pages 203-217
  10. Hugo Adrián Luna-García, José L. Martínez-Hernández, Anna Ilyina, E. Patricia Segura-Ceniceros, Cristóbal N. Aguilar, Janeth M. Ventura-Sobrevilla et al.
    Pages 219-238
  11. Nimisha Vijayan P, Sabu Abdulhameed
    Pages 239-255
  12. Aznah Nor Anuar, Mohd Hakim Ab Halim, Noor Hasyimah Rosman, Inawati Othman, Hasnida Harun, Hazlami Fikri Basri et al.
    Pages 257-286
  13. Hasnida Harun, Aznah Nor Anuar, Mohd Hakim Ab Halim, Inawati Othman, Noor Hasyimah Rosman, Nor Hazren Abdul Hamid et al.
    Pages 287-308

About this book


Agriculture and industry are the two most important economic sectors for various countries around the globe, providing millions of jobs as well as being the main source of income for these countries. Nevertheless, with the increasing demand for agricultural and industrial produce, huge amounts of waste are also being produced. Without proper management, this waste (both liquid and solid) poses a serious threat to overall environmental quality, mainly due to its toxicity and slow degradation processes. Current approaches are effective but would normally require huge capital investments, are labour intensive and generate potential hazardous by-products. As such, there is a need for alternative approaches that are cheaper, easier-to-handle and have a minimum potential impact on environmental quality.


This book presents up-to-date approaches using biological techniques to manage the abundance of waste generated from agricultural and industrial activities. It discusses techniques such as bioconversion, biodegradation, biotransformation, and biomonitoring as well as the utilization of these wastes. A number of chapters also include individual case studies to enhance readers’ understanding of the topics.

This comprehensive book is a useful resource for anyone involved in agricultural and industrial waste management, green chemistry or biotechnology. It is also recommended as a reference work for graduate students and all agriculture and biotechnology libraries.


Agriculture industrial residues waste management biotechnology bioreactor biological waste

Editors and affiliations

  • Zainul Akmar Zakaria
    • 1
  • Ramaraj Boopathy
    • 2
  • Julian Rafael Dib
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Chemical and Energy Eng, Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohor BahruMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesNicholls State UniversityThibodauxUSA
  3. 3.PROIMI - CONICETTucumanArgentina

About the editors

Dr. Zainul Akmar Zakaria is an Associate Professor under the School of Chemical Engineering and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). He currently holds the position of Associate Chair at the School as well as heading the UTMBactec Research group where he works on biomass valorization and microbial technology. He has Scopus h-index of 15 and has published 2 Research Books, 5 Edited Books and 10 Book Chapters. One of his research books was awarded the “National Book Award 2018” under the biochemistry category.  Dr. Zainul has acted as Guest Editor for Special Issues in 3 ISI-indexed journals, Evaluator for International Research Grant (Saudi Arabia, American Chemical Society, South Africa), Visiting Scientist to Argentina and Mexico as well as Program Head for the UTM-CONICET, Argentina R&D Program (2015-2017).

Dr. Raj Boopathy is an Alcee Fortier Distinguished Service Professor of Biological Sciences at the Nicholls State University, USA.  In 2008, Dr. Raj Boopathy received the Nicholls State University’s Presidential Award for Teaching Excellence. He has more than 25 years of research experience in the area of bioremediation and bio-processing. His research involves bioremediation of hazardous chemicals including oil spills, biological treatment of wastewater, antibiotic resistance genes in the environment, and bio-ethanol production.  His research work has been cited more than 7,000 times. Dr.Raj Boopathy reviewed research grants for National Science Foundation, Department of Defense, US Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Energy, and numerous private agencies and foreign governments including Singapore, South Africa, Switzerland, Indonesia, and Israel.  He is the editor of International journal of Biodeteriortion and Biodegradation (IBB) and on the Editorial Boards of various International journals. Dr. Raj Boopathy received European Union-US biotechnology Fellowship and Leverhulme commonwealth fellowship. He is a Fellow of International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), International Bioprocessing Society, and Society for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology.  Dr. Boopathy was selected as a Fulbright Senior Scholar Specialist to visit various countries for next five years by the US State Department.

Dr. Julián Rafael Dib is currently Adjunct Professor at the National University of Tucumán (UNT) and researcher in PROIMI-CONICET. He received his Bachelor in Biochemistry (2002) and Ph.D. (2009) at the UNT. After completing his PhD, Dr. Dib was granted with a Humboldt Fellowship to work at the University of Münster, Germany. In 2013, Dr. Dib accepted an Adjunct Professor position at the UNT. Much of his work has been on using native killer yeasts as biocontrol agents against postharvest fungal decays in lemons. He has given numerous invited talks and is a consultant to companies involved in fruit postharvest technologies. Dr. Dib has received numerous international awards and scholarships, including from the Fulbright Commission, DAAD, ERAMUS, and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. He was visiting professor at Technische Universität München, Germany (2015); Universidad de la República, Uruguay (2015); Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia (2016-2019), and University of Innsbruck, Austria (2017).

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