Non-Intentionally Added Substances in PET-Bottled Mineral Water

  • Maria Anna Coniglio
  • Cristian Fioriglio
  • Pasqualina Laganà

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)

Also part of the Chemistry of Foods book sub series (BRIEFSCHEFO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Maria Anna Coniglio, Cristian Fioriglio, Pasqualina Laganà
    Pages 1-10
  3. Maria Anna Coniglio, Cristian Fioriglio, Pasqualina Laganà
    Pages 11-28
  4. Maria Anna Coniglio, Cristian Fioriglio, Pasqualina Laganà
    Pages 29-41
  5. Maria Anna Coniglio, Cristian Fioriglio, Pasqualina Laganà
    Pages 43-58

About this book


This book discusses a major issue in the food contact materials industry: non-intentionally added substances (NIAS), and their impact on PET-bottled water. NIAS are chemical compounds that are present in food contact materials but have not been added for technical reasons during the production process, and consumers are usually unaware of their presence. NIAS can include decomposition or degradation products, impurities in the raw materials, unwanted by-products or contaminants from recycling processes, and they pose a challenge for packaging manufacturers.

In Europe, the EU Regulations No. 1935/2004 and 10/2011 set out, respectively, the general principles of safety and inertness for all packaging materials, and rules on the composition of plastic food-contact materials. Among the plastics commonly used for bottled water and other non-alcoholic refreshment beverages, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is the most favoured thanks to its chemical and physical stability, its transparency, low weight and good recyclability. Further, very few additives are used for its manufacture. Nonetheless, due to the complex formulations of polymers, processes and storage, NIAS can also be found in PET-bottled water, with potential cancerogenic or toxic effects.

This book provides an overview of the European regulation of NIAS in plastic packaging materials, offering insights into their chemical composition in PET-bottled water. Lastly, it provides a useful discussion on NIAS and their toxicity.


Food Safety NIAS Regulation Plastic Food-contact Materials Packaging Materials Cancer Risk PET Cancerogenicity Plastic Recyclability Toxicology Food Contact Materials Toxicity of NIAS Cancer from Plastic Water Bottles Health Risk of Plastic Bottles

Authors and affiliations

  • Maria Anna Coniglio
    • 1
  • Cristian Fioriglio
    • 2
  • Pasqualina Laganà
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Medical, Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies “G.F. Ingrassia”University of CataniaCataniaItaly
  2. 2.Police HeadquartersGeneral Prevention & Public Aid OfficeCataniaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional ImagingUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Chemistry and Materials Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-39133-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-39134-8
  • Series Print ISSN 2191-5407
  • Series Online ISSN 2191-5415
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Consumer Packaged Goods