Federalism and National Diversity in the 21st Century

  • Alain-G. Gagnon
  • Arjun Tremblay

Part of the Federalism and Internal Conflicts book series (FEINCO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Alain-G. Gagnon, Arjun Tremblay
    Pages 1-16
  3. Multinational Federations at Risk and in Retreat

  4. The Stalled Emergence of Multinational Federalism

  5. Recognizing and Accommodating National and Other Diversities: Success or Failure?

  6. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 315-315
    2. Alain-G. Gagnon, Arjun Tremblay
      Pages 317-330
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 331-339

About this book


This edited volume explores the obstacles to and opportunities for the development and entrenchment of a sustainable and representative multinational federalism. In doing so, it tackles a striking puzzle: on the one hand, scholars agree that deeply diverse multinational and multiethnic democracies should adopt federal structures that reflect and empower territorially concentrated diversity. On the other hand, there are very few, if any, real examples of enshrined and fully operative substantive multinational federalism. What are the main roadblocks to the adoption of multinational federalism? Can they be overcome? Is there a roadmap to realizing multinational federalism in the twenty-first century? In addressing these questions, this book brings together scholars from across the globe who explore a diverse range of cases from different and innovative analytical approaches. The chapters contribute to answering the above questions, each in their own way, while also addressing other important aspects of multinational federalism. The book concludes that the way forward likely depends on the emergence of a specific set of norms and a receptiveness to the complex institutional design.

Alain-G. Gagnon is Professor in the Department of Political Science at the Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada, and Founding Director of the Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Diversity and Democracy. He has authored more than 500 works in political sociology, federal studies and Canadian politics. His research has been translated into twenty languages.

Arjun Tremblay is Assistant Professor in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Regina, Canada, and author of Diversity in Decline? The Rise of the Political Right and the Fate of Multiculturalism (2019). His research focuses on the near and longer-term prospects of multiculturalism, multinational federalism, and other diversity-oriented projects.


multinational federalism multiethnic federalism new institutionalism bipolar federalism dyadic federations territorial dispersion Catalan independence federal coercion recentralization multicultural federation national unity national polarisation Hong Kong collective identity national integration multi-level governance migration disenfranchisement self-rule rights differentiated citizenship

Editors and affiliations

  • Alain-G. Gagnon
    • 1
  • Arjun Tremblay
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversité du Québec à MontréalMontréalCanada
  2. 2.Department of Politics and International StudiesUniversity of ReginaReginaCanada

Bibliographic information