© 2020

The EU in the 21st Century

Challenges and Opportunities for the European Integration Process

  • David Ramiro Troitiño
  • Tanel Kerikmäe
  • Ricardo Martín de la Guardia
  • Guillermo Á. Pérez Sánchez

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. The Current Position of the Union in Terms of Integration and Development

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. David Ramiro Troitiño, Tanel Kerikmäe, Ricardo Martín de la Guardia, Guillermo Á. Pérez Sánchez
      Pages 3-9
  3. The Concerns of the European Citizens

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 27-27
    2. Luis Domínguez Castro, José Ramón Rodríguez Lago
      Pages 43-58
    3. Lara Sansus, David Ramiro Troitiño, Tanel Kerikmäe
      Pages 59-84
    4. Nataliia Oliievska, David Ramiro Troitiño, Tanel Kerikmäe
      Pages 85-100
  4. Internal Development of the Union

  5. External Necessities of the European Union

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 207-207
    2. Iurii H. Barabash, Oleksandr V. Serdiuk, Volodymyr M. Steshenko
      Pages 247-270

About this book


In the light of Brexit, the migration crisis, and growing scepticism regarding the European integration process, this book offers a comprehensive overview of the most pressing problems facing the European Union in the 21st century. Written by experts from various disciplines, the contributions cover a wide range of economic, legal, social and political challenges, including populism, migration, Brexit, and EU defence, foreign policy and enlargements. Each paper includes a historical account, insights into the problems and challenges confronting the EU, and an assessment of the institutions and policy instruments applied by the EU in response. Discussing each of the problems as part of a process – including the historical roots, current situation and potential solutions – the book allows readers to gain an understanding of the European Union as a living project.


European Integration BREXIT EU Migration Crisis Populism in Europe EU Defence EU Foreign Policy EU Enlargements

Editors and affiliations

  • David Ramiro Troitiño
    • 1
  • Tanel Kerikmäe
    • 2
  • Ricardo Martín de la Guardia
    • 3
  • Guillermo Á. Pérez Sánchez
    • 4
  1. 1.Tallinn University of TechnologyTallinnEstonia
  2. 2.Tallinn University of TechnologyTallinnEstonia
  3. 3.University of ValladolidValladolidSpain
  4. 4.University of ValladolidValladolidSpain

About the editors

David Ramiro Troitiño is an Associate Professor at Tallinn University of Technology (Estonia), Jean Monnet module leader, and holder of other grants related to the European Union. The author of dozens of articles on the European Union, monographs and the editor of two books, his main focus is on the European Union from a broad perspective, approaching it as a process. 

Tanel Kerkimäe is a Jean Monnet Professor and head of Tallinn Law School (Estonia). He is the author of several articles and books investigating the European Union from a legal perspective, especially in the field of Law and Technology.

Bibliographic information

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