This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23rd International IFIP conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling, ONDM 2019, held in Athens, Greece, in May 2019. The 39 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 87 submissions. The papers focus on cutting-edge research in established areas of optical networking as well as their adoption in support of a wide variety of new services and applications. This involves the most recent trends in networking including 5G and beyond, big data and network data analytics, cloud/edge computing, autonomic networking, artificial intelligence assisted networks, secure and resilient networks, that drive the need for increased capacity, efficiency, exibility and adaptability in the functions that the network can perform. In this context new disaggregated optical network architectures were discussed, exploiting and integrating novel multidimensional photonic technology solutions as well as adopting open hardware and software platforms relying on software defined networking (SDN), and network function virtualization (NFV) to allow support of new business models and opportunities.