© 2020

Statistics in Clinical and Observational Vaccine Studies


Part of the Springer Series in Pharmaceutical Statistics book series (SSPS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. The Interplay Between Microorganisms and the Immune System

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Jozef Nauta
      Pages 3-13
    3. Jozef Nauta
      Pages 15-19
  3. Analysis of Immunogenicity Data

  4. Vaccine Field Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 89-89
    2. Jozef Nauta
      Pages 91-111
    3. Jozef Nauta
      Pages 113-127
    4. Jozef Nauta
      Pages 129-150
  5. Correlates of Protection

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 161-161
    2. Jozef Nauta
      Pages 163-173
  6. Analysis of Vaccine Safety Data

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 175-175
    2. Jozef Nauta
      Pages 177-188
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 189-234

About this book


This book offers an overview of the statistical methods used in clinical and observational vaccine studies. Pursuing a practical rather than theoretical approach, it presents a range of real-world examples with SAS codes, making the application of the methods straightforward.

This revised edition has been significantly expanded to reflect the current interest in this area. It opens with two introductory chapters on the immunology of vaccines to provide readers with the necessary background knowledge. It then continues with an in-depth exploration of the analysis of immunogenicity data. Discussed are, amongst others, maximum likelihood estimation for censored antibody titers, ANCOVA for antibody values, analysis of data of equivalence, and non-inferiority immunogenicity studies. Other topics covered include fitting protection curves to data from vaccine efficacy studies, and the analysis of vaccine safety data.

In addition, the book features four new chapters on vaccine field studies: an introductory one, one on randomized vaccine efficacy studies, one on observational vaccine effectiveness studies, and one on the meta-analysis of vaccine efficacy studies.

The book offers useful insights for statisticians and epidemiologists working in the pharmaceutical industry or at vaccines institutes, as well as graduate students interested in pharmaceutical statistics.


Vaccine Immunology Statistical Analysis of Vaccine Trials Data Vaccine Equivalence and Non-Inferiority Immunogenicity Trials Vaccine Field Efficacy Trials Meta-Analysis Safety of Vaccines Vaccine Effectiveness Studies ANCOVA

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.AmsterdamThe Netherlands

About the authors

Jozef Nauta is a principal statistician, with more than 25 years of experience in the pharmaceutical industry, and with special interest in the development of influenza vaccines. During his career he has published numerous journal articles on statistics and vaccines. He currently participates in Development of Robust and Innovative Vaccine Effectiveness (DRIVE), a public private partnership that advances European cooperation in influenza vaccine effectiveness studies, funded by, amongst others the Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI).  He lives with his wife and son in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Bibliographic information

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