© 2020

Bioremediation and Biotechnology

Sustainable Approaches to Pollution Degradation

  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem
  • Rouf Ahmad Bhat
  • Humaira Qadri

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Ishrat Bashir, F. A. Lone, Rouf Ahmad Bhat, Shafat A. Mir, Zubair A. Dar, Shakeel Ahmad Dar
    Pages 1-26
  3. Shafat Ali, Adil Farooq Wali, Ali Mohd Yatoo, Sabhiya Majid, Saiema Rasool, Rehan Khan et al.
    Pages 27-54
  4. Afrozah Hassan, Irshad A. Nawchoo
    Pages 55-73
  5. Henna Hamadani, Shahzada Mudasir Rashid, Muneeb U. Rehman, Rameez Ali, Masrat Rashid, Manzoor ur Rahman et al.
    Pages 93-106
  6. Marian Butu, Ramona Stef, Ioana Grozea, Mihaela Corneanu, Monica Butnariu
    Pages 107-151
  7. Farhana Maqbool, Zulfiqar A. Bhatti, Muhammad Faisal Siddiqui, Ibrar Khan, Yang Guo Zhao, Muhammad Sajid et al.
    Pages 153-165
  8. Ali Mohd Yatoo, Saiema Rasool, Shafat Ali, Sabhiya Majid, Muneeb U. Rehman, Md. Niamat Ali et al.
    Pages 167-187
  9. Umair Riaz, Shahzada Munawar Mehdi, Shazia Iqbal, Hafiza Iqra Khalid, Ayesha Abdul Qadir, Wajiha Anum et al.
    Pages 189-213
  10. Shamsul Haq, Asma Absar Bhatti, Zubair Ahmad Dar, Suhail Ahmad Bhat
    Pages 215-231
  11. Cynthia Wong-Arguelles, Angel Josabad Alonso-Castro, Cesar Arturo Ilizaliturri-Hernandez, Candy Carranza-Alvarez
    Pages 233-256
  12. Junaid Ahmad Malik, Aadil Abdullah Wani, Khursheed Ahmad Wani, Muzaffer Ahmad Bhat
    Pages 257-268
  13. Sajad Ahmad Raina, Nesrine Ben Yahmed, Rouf Ahmad Bhat, Moonisa Aslam Dervash
    Pages 269-291
  14. Muhammad Faisal Siddiqui, Lakhveer Singh, Farhana Maqbool, Ziaur Rahman, Abdul Rehman, Fazal Adnan et al.
    Pages 293-303
  15. Fernanda Maria Policarpo Tonelli, Flávia Cristina Policarpo Tonelli
    Pages 305-318
  16. Back Matter
    Pages 319-327

About this book


Toxic substances threatens aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems and ultimately human health. The book is a thoughtful effort in bringing forth the role of biotechnology for bioremediation and restoration of the ecosystems degraded by toxic and heavy metal pollution. The introductory chapters of the book deal with the understanding of the issues concerned with the pollution caused by toxic elements and heavy metals and their impacts on the different ecosystems followed by the techniques involved in monitoring of the pollution. These techniques include use of bio-indicators as well as modern techniques for the assessment and monitoring of toxicants in the environment. Detailed chapters discussing the role of microbial biota, aquatic plants, terrestrial plants to enhance the accumulation efficiency of these toxic and heavy metals are followed by remediation techniques involving myco-remediation, bio-pesticides, bio-fertilizers, phyto-remediation and rhizo-filtration. A sizable portion of the book has been dedicated to the advanced bio-remediation techniques which are finding their way from the laboratory to the field for revival of the degraded ecosystems. These involve bio-films, micro-algae, genetically modified plants and filter feeders. Furthermore, the book is a detailed comprehensive account for the treatment technologies from unsustainable to sustainable. We believe academicians, researchers and students will find this book informative as a complete reference for biotechnological intervention for sustainable treatment of pollution.


Pollution remediation Phytoremediation Genetically modified plants Environmental biotechnology Mycoremediation Biopesticides Vermicomposting Metal pollution

Editors and affiliations

  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem
    • 1
  • Rouf Ahmad Bhat
    • 2
  • Humaira Qadri
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biological Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Princess Dr. Najla Bint Saud Al-Saud, Center for Excellence Research in BiotechnologyKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental ScienceCluster University, Sri Pratap CollegeSrinagarIndia
  3. 3.Department of Environmental ScienceCluster University, Sri Pratap CollegeSrinagarIndia

About the editors

Khalid Rehman Hakeem (Ph.D.) is Professor at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. After completing his doctorate (Botany; specialization in Plant Eco-physiology and Molecular Biology) from Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India, in 2011, he worked as a lecturer at the University of Kashmir, Srinagar, for a short period. Later, he joined Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia, and worked there as Postdoctorate Fellow in 2012 and Fellow Researcher (Associate Professor) from 2013 to 2016. Dr. Hakeem has more than 10 years of teaching and research experience in plant eco-physiology, biotechnology and molecular biology, medicinal plant research, plant-microbe-soil interactions as well as in environmental studies. He is the recipient of several fellowships at both national and international levels; also, he has served as the visiting scientist at Jinan University, Guangzhou, China. Currently, he is involved with a number of international research projects with different government organizations. So far, Dr. Hakeem has authored and edited more than 35 books with international publishers, including Springer Nature, Academic Press (Elsevier), and CRC Press. He also has to his credit more than 85 research publications in peer-reviewed international journals and 60 book chapters in edited volumes with international publishers. At present, Dr. Hakeem serves as an editorial board member and reviewer of several high-impact international scientific journals from Elsevier, Springer Nature, Taylor and Francis, Cambridge, and John Wiley Publishers. He is included in the advisory board of Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK. He is also a fellow of Plantae group of the American Society of Plant Biologists, member of the World Academy of Sciences, member of the International Society for Development and Sustainability, Japan, and member of Asian Federation of Biotechnology, Korea. Dr. Hakeem has been listed in Marquis Who’s Who in the World, since 2014–2019. Currently, Dr. Hakeem is engaged in studying the plant processes at eco-physiological as well as molecular levels.

Dr. Rouf Ahmad Bhat (Ph.D) is working in Cluster University Srinagar (J&K), India on the capacity of Assistant Professor and has his specialisation in Limnology, Toxicology, Phytochemistry and Phytoremediation. Dr. Bhat has been teaching graduate and post graduate students of Environmental Sciences for the past two years. He is an author of more than 50 scientific articles and 15 book chapters, and has published 10 books with international publishers. He has presented and participated in numerous State, National and International conferences, seminars, workshops and symposium. Dr. Bhat has worked as an associate Environmental Expert in World Bank funded Flood Recovery Project and also Environmental Support Staff in Asian Development Bank (ADB) funded development projects. He has received many awards, appreciations and recognitions for his services to the science of water testing, air and noise analysis. He has served as editorial board member and reviewer of reputed international journals. Dr. Bhat is still writing and experimenting with diverse capacities of plants for use in aquatic pollution. 

Dr. Humaira Qadri (Ph.D) is actively involved in teaching the post-graduate students of Environmental Science for the past ten years in Sri Pratap College Campus, Cluster University Srinagar, J&K, India.  She is also heading the Department of Environment and Water Management. A gold medallist at her master’s level, she has bagged a number of awards and certificates of merit. Her specialisation is in Limnology, Nutrient Dynamics and Phytoremediation. She has published scores of papers in international journals and has more than ten books withnational and international publishers. She is also the reviewer of various international journals and is the principal investigator of some major projects on phytoremediation. She is guiding a number of research students for PhD programme and has supervised more than 60 master’s dissertations. She also has been on the scientific board of various international conferences and holds life memberships of various international organisations. With a number of national scientific events to her credit, she is an active participant in national and international scientific events and has organised a number of national conferences on science.

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