Reflections on Socialism in the Twenty-First Century

Facing Market Liberalism, Rising Inequalities and the Environmental Imperative

  • Claes Brundenius

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Claes Brundenius
    Pages 1-16
  3. Paul Singer
    Pages 149-153
  4. Fábio Sanchez, Fernando Kleiman
    Pages 155-165
  5. Ricardo Torres Pérez, Claes Brundenius
    Pages 167-188
  6. Kenneth Hermele
    Pages 189-197
  7. Michael Löwy
    Pages 199-210
  8. Judith Sutz
    Pages 211-228
  9. Rodrigo Arocena
    Pages 229-248

About this book


In this volume, the authors reflect on the question “what is socialism” as it pertains to today’s economy. There is particular emphasis on democratic socialism models as a potential alternative to classic authoritarian socialism. A number of topical questions are addressed such as: What is democratic socialism and is it feasible, or even viable? What can be learnt from existing democratic socialist experiences? What would an ideal democratic socialist society look like today? Under what circumstances, and where, could such a model emerge today? In exploring these questions, several themes arise within these chapters such as the role of socialist values and inspirations in capitalist societies; and how capitalism and socialism relate to the knowledge economy. 

The contemporary world is showing many contradictions with uncertain future scenarios that preoccupy mankind. The global capitalist system as we know it is in deep crisis—and some even predict its slow death, because of its inability to handle the environmental imperative. At the same time, classic socialism as experienced in the Soviet Union and its proxies is a stone dead alternative to capitalism today. So what options remain? The book considers this question as it examines a range of countries where socialism (in one form or another) has arisen, or where democratic socialism could be possible, including Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Sweden and the United States.


socialism capitalism communism social inequality democratic socialism Swedish welfare model possible socialism viable socialism feasible socialism socialist experiences social democracy real socialism socialist models socialism and the knowledge society knowledge economy Marxism

Editors and affiliations

  • Claes Brundenius
    • 1
  1. 1.Lund School of Economics and ManagementLund UniversityLundSweden

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Finance, Business & Banking