The Fight against Human Trafficking

Drivers and Spoilers

  • Maria Ravlik

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. Maria Ravlik
    Pages 1-23
  3. The Data Challenge

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 25-25
    2. Maria Ravlik
      Pages 35-46
  4. Macro-level Determinants of Anti-trafficking Enforcement

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 47-47
    2. Maria Ravlik
      Pages 49-76
    3. Maria Ravlik
      Pages 77-100
  5. Micro-level Foundations of Anti-trafficking Enforcement

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 101-101
    2. Maria Ravlik
      Pages 103-111
    3. Maria Ravlik
      Pages 113-132
  6. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 133-133
    2. Maria Ravlik
      Pages 135-145
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 147-224

About this book


This book provides a quantitative, cross-nationally comparative, longitudinal, and multilevel study of the drivers and spoilers of national governments’ anti-trafficking measures. Both macro-level determinants of anti-trafficking enforcement and micro-level foundations of human trafficking are unfolded and explored. Large-N comparative research examines how characteristics of countries interact with people’s attitudes towards violence to better understand what creates environments that are more or less supportive of governments’ anti-trafficking efforts. The results presented in the book are highly relevant from the perspectives of global governance and human rights protection.

Maria Ravlik is a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for the Study of Democracy at Leuphana University, Germany. She is also affiliated as an associate researcher at the Laboratory for Comparative Social Research (the Higher School of Economics) in Russia. The author has published research covering various topics from international migration, anti-trafficking legislation, gender equality to democracy, societal development, and good governance. 


anti-trafficking enforcement data quantitative research global indices hindrances to effective anti-trafficking enforcement triangulated nexus of anti-trafficking enforcement organized crime human rights violations corruption 3P Index trafficking scale government response to modern slavery index external validity test gender inequality international law political culture state capacity liberal democracy ordinal regressions panel regressions tolerance of violence

Authors and affiliations

  • Maria Ravlik
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for the Study of DemocracyLeuphana UniversityLüneburgGermany

Bibliographic information