Divine Omniscience and Human Free Will

A Logical and Metaphysical Analysis

  • Ciro De Florio
  • Aldo Frigerio

Part of the Palgrave Frontiers in Philosophy of Religion book series (PFPR)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Ciro De Florio, Aldo Frigerio
    Pages 1-26
  3. Ciro De Florio, Aldo Frigerio
    Pages 27-67
  4. Ciro De Florio, Aldo Frigerio
    Pages 69-113
  5. Ciro De Florio, Aldo Frigerio
    Pages 115-153
  6. Ciro De Florio, Aldo Frigerio
    Pages 155-208
  7. Ciro De Florio, Aldo Frigerio
    Pages 209-259
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 261-268

About this book


This book deals with an old conundrum: if God knows what we will choose tomorrow, how can we be free to choose otherwise? If all our choices are already written, is our freedom simply an illusion? This book provides a precise analysis of this dilemma using the tools of modern ontology and the logic of time. With a focus on three intertwined concepts - God’s nature, the formal structure of time, and the metaphysics time, including the relationship between temporal entities and a timeless God - the chapters analyse various solutions to the problem of foreknowledge and freedom, revealing the advantages and drawbacks of each. Building on this analysis, the authors advance constructive solutions, showing under what conditions an entity can be omniscient in the presence of free agents, and whether an eternal entity can know the tensed futures of the world.  The metaphysics of time, its topology and the semantics of future tensed sentences are shown to be invaluable topics in dealing with this issue.

Combining investigations into the metaphysics of time with the discipline of temporal logic this monograph brings about important advancements in the philosophical understanding of an ancient and fascinating problem. The answer, if any, is hidden in the folds of time, in the elusive nature of this feature of reality and in the infinite branching of our lives.


Philosophy of Religion Time Logic Metaphysics God

Authors and affiliations

  • Ciro De Florio
    • 1
  • Aldo Frigerio
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreMilanoItaly
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreMilanoItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2019
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-31299-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-31300-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site