This book gathers the joint proceedings of the VIII Latin American Conference on Biomedical Engineering (CLAIB 2019) and the XLII National Conference on Biomedical Engineering (CNIB 2019). It reports on the latest findings and technological outcomes in the biomedical engineering field. Topics include: biomedical signal and image processing; biosensors, bioinstrumentation and micro-nanotechnologies; biomaterials and tissue engineering; biomechanics, biorobotics, neurorehabilitation; medical physics; clinical engineering and other related fields. A special emphasis is given to practice-oriented research and to the implementation of new technologies in clinical settings. The book provides academics and professionals with extensive knowledge on and a timely snapshot of cutting-edge research and developments in the field of biomedical engineering.