© 2020

Greenspace-Oriented Development

Reconciling Urban Density and Nature in Suburban Cities


Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Julian Bolleter, Cristina E. Ramalho
    Pages 1-11
  3. Julian Bolleter, Cristina E. Ramalho
    Pages 13-39
  4. Julian Bolleter, Cristina E. Ramalho
    Pages 41-59
  5. Julian Bolleter, Cristina E. Ramalho
    Pages 61-88
  6. Julian Bolleter, Cristina E. Ramalho
    Pages 89-94

About this book


Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) planning principles have informed Australian city planning for over two decades. As such, policy makers and planners often unquestioningly apply its principles. In contrast, this book critiques TOD and argues that while orientating development towards public transport hubs makes some sense, the application of TOD principles in Australia has proven a significant challenge. As a complementary strategy, the book stakes out the potential of Greenspace-Oriented Development (GOD) in which urban density is correlated with upgraded green spaces with reasonable access to public transport. Concentrating urban densification around green spaces offers many advantages to residents including ecosystem services such as physical and mental health benefits, the mitigation of extreme heat events, biodiversity and clean air and water. Moreover, the open space and leafy green qualities of GOD will ensure it resonates with the lifestyle aspirations of suburban residents who may otherwise resist urban densification. We believe in this way, that GOD could be an urban dream that befits the challenges of this 21st century.


Densification Urban Consolidation Public Open Space Transport Orientated Development (TOD) Green Orientated Development (GOD) Australian Urban Design Green Cities Green Spaces in Cities Urban Greening Strategies

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Australian Urban Design Research Centre (AUDRC)The University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  2. 2.School of Biological Sciences, NESP Clean Air and Urban Landscapes HubThe University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia

About the authors

Dr Julian Bolleter is Co-Director of the Australian Urban Design Research Centre (AUDRC) at The University of Western Australia. His role at AUDRC includes teaching a master’s program in urban design and conducting urban design related research and design projects. Julian is a landscape architect and urban designer and has worked in Australia, the USA, the UK and the Middle East. He has completed a PhD concerning urban development in Dubai and has published six books. Julian’s research focusses on the design of new cities, urban densification and multifunctional public open space. He has received funding from the Australian Research Council, Healthways and the Western Australian Government. 

Dr Cristina E. Ramalho is a postdoctoral research fellow in urban ecology at The University of Western Australia. She is Project Leader of the Urban Greening for Liveability and Biodiversity Project within the Clean Air and Urban Landscapes Hub of the Australian National Environmental Science Program. Cristina’s work is inter-disciplinary and focuses on how we can better plan, design and manage urban environments in order to make these more livable and biodiverse. She is particularly interested in: 1) understanding how the design of urban green spaces can be better informed by multidisciplinary knowledge aiming to optimize their socio-ecological benefits; 2) conservation of urban biodiversity, especially remnant plant communities; and 3) integration of traditional knowledge in land-use and water planning and biodiversity conservation.

Bibliographic information

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