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Thematic Relations

A Study in the Grammar-Cognition Interface

  • Mário A. Perini
Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Mário A. Perini
    Pages 1-7
  3. Grammar and Cognition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 11-25
    3. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 27-45
    4. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 47-67
  4. Valency

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 69-69
    2. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 71-80
    3. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 81-89
    4. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 91-108
    5. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 109-116
    6. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 117-132
    7. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 133-146
  5. Descriptive Application

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 147-147
    2. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 149-161
    3. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 163-171
    4. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 173-215
    5. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 217-232
    6. Mário A. Perini
      Pages 233-241
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 243-245

About this book

Introduction

This book presents a proposal to better define thematic relations by exploring the relation between language and cognition. It analyzes the relation between grammatically defined roles such as agent and patient (semantic roles), and elaborate thematic relations (ETRs) actually accessible to language users. It shows that many phenomena previously analyzed as grammatical can be described in a more simple and convenient way by postulating direct connection between syntactic complements and cognitive relations present in the schema evoked by the verb.

The volume focuses on a topic which has been the object of much discussion in the recent literature, namely the definition and delimitation of semantic roles, proposing new solutions to some important theoretical and practical problems in the description of the lexicogrammatical structure of languages, and in particular of verb valency. It shows that in many cases a direct relation can be established between morphosyntactic units and functions, on one hand, and ETRs, on the other, without the intermediation of grammatically defined semantic roles. This makes it possible to analyze thematic relations that have been traditionally problematic, such as the patient, in a linguistically simple and cognitively well-motivated way.

Thematic Relations – A Study in the Grammar-Cognition Interface will be a useful resource for practicing linguists working on the analysis of natural languages, in particular on verb valency; verb subcategorization and thematic structure; semantic (thematic) roles, their definition and syntactic coding; the relation between grammatical structure and cognitive schemata (frames); and the structure of the lexicon.


Keywords

Language and cognition Thematic relations Semantic roles Cognitive representations Verb valency

Authors and affiliations

  • Mário A. Perini
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

Bibliographic information