Intersex Rights

Living Between Sexes

  • Nikoletta Pikramenou

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Nikoletta Pikramenou
    Pages 1-25
  3. Nikoletta Pikramenou
    Pages 27-72
  4. Nikoletta Pikramenou
    Pages 73-137
  5. Nikoletta Pikramenou
    Pages 139-216
  6. Nikoletta Pikramenou
    Pages 217-233
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 235-285

About this book


This book addresses intersex rights violations and analyses intersex people’s legal demands as expressed by intersex activists themselves and delivered through statements and reports issued by intersex rights organisations, the United Nations and the Council of Europe.

Intersex people are born with sex characteristics that do not fit typical notions of male or female bodies, as a result of which they are stigmatised, marginalised and denied the recognition of their fundamental rights. Often, they are subjected to involuntary and harmful sex “normalising” surgeries at birth, which violate their bodily integrity, self-determination and informed consent, so as to comply with societal and legal norms.

Moreover, binary legal frameworks prevent them from enjoying the rights to access identification documents, start a family, or be free from discrimination in all areas including employment and sports. To elaborate on intersex violations that emanate from binary laws, this book examines the situation of intersex rights in regional jurisdictions worldwide and within the European Union in particular. In the process, it identifies current legal barriers and suggests how intersex people could be accommodated under legal frameworks and achieve sex/gender equality beyond binary definitions.


intersex rights intersex bodily integrity intersex legal recognition intersex right to found a family discrimination on sex characteristics intersex at the UN intersex activism intersex movements intersex and sexual orientation gender identity genderless law sexless law human rights violations LGBT Legal status of intersex persons

Authors and affiliations

  • Nikoletta Pikramenou
    • 1
  1. 1.AthensGreece

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Law and Criminology
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-27553-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-27554-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site