The European Union as International Mediator

Brokering Stability and Peace in the Neighbourhood

  • Julian Bergmann

Part of the Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics book series (PSEUP)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Julian Bergmann
    Pages 1-24
  3. Julian Bergmann
    Pages 231-253
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 255-270

About this book


This book explores the EU’s effectiveness as an international mediator and provides a comparative analysis of EU mediation through three case studies: the conflict over Montenegro’s independence, the Belgrade-Pristina dialogue between Kosovo and Serbia, and the Geneva International Discussions on South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The book starts from the observation that the EU has emerged as an important international provider of mediation in various conflicts around the world. Against this background, the author develops an analytical framework to investigate EU mediation effectiveness that is then applied to the three cases. The main finding of the book is that EU mediation has a stabilising effect on conflict dynamics, making renewed escalation less likely and contributing to the settlement of conflict issues. At the same time, the EU’s effectiveness depends primarily on its ability to influence the conflict parties’ willingness to compromise through conditionality and diplomatic pressure.

Julian Bergmann is a researcher at the German Development Institute (Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik, DIE), Germany. His research focusses on EU policy (foreign, development, security), international mediation, and the security-development nexus.


EU mediation mediation effectiveness EU foreign policy EU security policy goal attainment conflict settlement leverage mediation strategy Montenegro Montenegrin independence independence referendum Belgrade Agreement Belgrade-Pristina dialogue Brussels Agreement Kosovo Serbia Geneva International Discussions South Ossetia Abkhazia EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM)

Authors and affiliations

  • Julian Bergmann
    • 1
  1. 1.German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)BonnGermany

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