# Thermodynamics: Basic Principles and Engineering Applications

• Alan M. Whitman
Textbook

Part of the Mechanical Engineering Series book series (MES)

1. Front Matter
Pages i-xiii
2. Alan M. Whitman
Pages 1-45
3. Alan M. Whitman
Pages 47-88
4. Alan M. Whitman
Pages 89-128
5. Alan M. Whitman
Pages 129-173
6. Alan M. Whitman
Pages 175-229
7. Alan M. Whitman
Pages 231-277
8. Back Matter
Pages 279-320

### Introduction

This textbook is for a one semester introductory course in thermodynamics, primarily for use in a mechanical or aerospace engineering program, although it could also be used in an engineering science curriculum. The book contains a section on the geometry of curves and surfaces, in order to review those parts of calculus that are needed in thermodynamics for interpolation and in discussing thermodynamic equations of state of simple substances. It presents the First Law of Thermodynamics as an equation for the time rate of change of system energy, the same way that Newton’s Law of Motion, an equation for the time rate of change of system momentum, is presented in Dynamics. Moreover, this emphasis illustrates the importance of the equation to the study of heat transfer and fluid mechanics. New thermodynamic properties, such as internal energy and entropy, are introduced with a motivating discussion rather than by abstract postulation, and connection is made with kinetic theory. Thermodynamic properties of the vaporizable liquids needed for the solution of practical thermodynamic problems (e.g. water and various refrigerants) are presented in a unique tabular format that is both simple to understand and easy to use. All theoretical discussions throughout the book are accompanied by worked examples illustrating their use in practical devices. These examples of the solution of various kinds of thermodynamic problems are all structured in exactly the same way in order to make, as a result of the repetitions, the solution of new problems easier for students to follow, and ultimately, to produce themselves. Many additional problems are provided, half of them with answers, for students to do on their own.

• Maximizes student understanding of problem solving by creating a single structure to solve all thermodynamic state change problems;
• Presents tables of thermodynamic functions of vaporizable liquids in a unique format that is easy to understand and easy to use;
• Explains the First Law of Thermodynamics as an energy evolution equation making clear that thermodynamics is pedagogically in the same category as dynamics, and is a precursor for heat transfer and fluid mechanics;
• Reinforces concepts covered with end of chapter problems.

### Keywords

Thermodynamics Textbook Measurements and Properties of Matter Equilibrium Work and Heat The First Law of Thermodynamics The Second Law of Thermodynamics Power and Refrigeration

#### Authors and affiliations

• Alan M. Whitman
• 1
1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringVillanova UniversityVillanovaUSA

### Bibliographic information

• DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-25221-2
• Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020
• Publisher Name Springer, Cham
• eBook Packages Engineering Engineering (R0)
• Print ISBN 978-3-030-25220-5
• Online ISBN 978-3-030-25221-2
• Series Print ISSN 0941-5122
• Series Online ISSN 2192-063X
• Buy this book on publisher's site
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