Child Soldiers and the Defence of Duress under International Criminal Law

  • Windell Nortje
  • Noëlle Quénivet

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Windell Nortje, Noëlle Quénivet
    Pages 1-19
  3. Windell Nortje, Noëlle Quénivet
    Pages 21-47
  4. Windell Nortje, Noëlle Quénivet
    Pages 49-86
  5. Windell Nortje, Noëlle Quénivet
    Pages 87-108
  6. Windell Nortje, Noëlle Quénivet
    Pages 109-144
  7. Windell Nortje, Noëlle Quénivet
    Pages 145-153
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 155-160

About this book


This book investigates the use of duress as a defence in international criminal law, specifically in cases of child soldiers. The prosecution of children for international crimes often only focuses on whether children can and should be prosecuted under international law. However, it is rarely considered what would happen to these children at the trial stage. This work offers a nuanced approach towards international prosecution and considers how children could be implicated and defended in international courts. This study will be of interest to academics and practitioners working in international criminal law, transitional justice and children’s rights.

Windell Nortje is Associate Lecturer in the Law Faculty at the University of the Western Cape, South Africa. 

Noëlle Quénivet is Associate Professor in International Law at the Bristol Law School, University of the West of England, UK. 


international criminal law child soldiers duress defending children conflict studies armed conflict terrorism international politics national criminal law international crimes ICC statute acquittals childhood crimes against humanity Individual criminal responsibility juvenile criminal responsibility minors Recruitment of child soldiers conflict Presumption of innocence

Authors and affiliations

  • Windell Nortje
    • 1
  • Noëlle Quénivet
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of LawUniversity of the Western CapeCape TownSouth Africa
  2. 2.Bristol Law SchoolUniversity of the West of EnglandBristolUK

Bibliographic information