Morphological Intelligence

Measuring the Body’s Contribution to Intelligence

  • Keyan Ghazi-Zahedi

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Keyan Ghazi-Zahedi
    Pages 29-56
  3. Keyan Ghazi-Zahedi
    Pages 57-107
  4. Keyan Ghazi-Zahedi
    Pages 133-154
  5. Keyan Ghazi-Zahedi
    Pages 155-156
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 157-180

About this book


Intelligence results from the interaction of the brain, body and environment. The question addressed in this book is, can we measure the contribution of the body and its' interaction with the environment?

To answer this, we first present a comprehensive overview of the various ways in which a body reduces the amount of computation that the brain has to perform to solve a task. This chapter will broaden your understanding of how important inconspicuously appearing physical processes and physical properties of the body are with respect to our cognitive abilities. This form of contribution to intelligence is called Morphological Intelligence.

The main contribution of this book to the field is a detailed discussion of how Morphological Intelligence can be measured from observations alone. The required mathematical framework is provided so that readers unfamiliar with information theory will be able to understand and apply the measures. Case studies from biomechanics and soft robotics illustrate how the presented quantifications can, for example, be used to measure the contribution of muscle physics to jumping and optimise the shape of a soft robotic hand.

To summarise, this monograph presents various examples of how the physical properties of the body and the body’s interaction with the environment contribute to intelligence. Furthermore, it treats theoretical and practical aspects of Morphological Intelligence and demonstrates the value in two case studies.


Morphological Intelligence Embodied Intelligence Morphological Computation Soft Robotics Biomechanics Computational Complexity

Authors and affiliations

  • Keyan Ghazi-Zahedi
    • 1
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for MathematicsLeipzigGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Computer Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-20620-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-20621-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Materials & Steel
Chemical Manufacturing
Finance, Business & Banking
IT & Software
Consumer Packaged Goods
Energy, Utilities & Environment
Oil, Gas & Geosciences