© 2020

Carbon Management for Promoting Local Livelihood in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) Region

  • Zhanhuan Shang
  • A. Allan Degen
  • Muhammad Khalid Rafiq
  • Victor R. Squires

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Assessment and Management of Carbon Dynamics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Zhanhuan Shang, A. Allan Degen, Devendra Gauchan, Bhaskar Singh Karky, Victor R. Squires
      Pages 3-23
    3. Zhenhua Chao, Mingliang Che, Zhanhuan Shang, A. Allan Degen
      Pages 45-62
    4. Dil Kumar Limbu, Basanta Kumar Rai, Krishna Kumar Rai
      Pages 63-87
  3. Livestock, Grasslands, Wetlands, and Environment on Carbon Dynamics

  4. Impacts of Restoration, REDD and Biochar on Carbon Balance

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 183-183
    2. Muhammad Khalid Rafiq, Jamila Sharif, Zhanhuan Shang, Yanfu Bai, Fei Li, Ruijun Long et al.
      Pages 185-196
    3. Huakun Zhou, Dangjun Wang, Meiling Guo, Buqing Yao, Zhanhuan Shang
      Pages 211-228
    4. Shambhavi Basnet, Jagriti Chand, Shuvani Thapa, Bhaskar Singh Karky
      Pages 229-241
  5. Policies and Strategies for Livelihood Improvements and Carbon Management

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 243-243
    2. Madan Koirala, Udhab Raj Khadka, Sudeep Thakuri, Rashila Deshar
      Pages 245-266

About this book


This book contributes to our understanding of linkages between carbon management and local livelihoods by taking stock of the existing evidence and drawing on field experiences in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region, an area that provides fresh water to more than 2 billion people and supports the world’s largest population of pastoralists and millions of livestock. 

This edited volume addresses two main questions: 1. Does carbon management offer livelihood opportunities or present risks, and what are they? 2. Do the attributes of carbon financing alter the nature of livelihood opportunities and risks? Chapters analyze the most pressing deficiencies in understanding carbon storage in both soils and in above ground biomass, and the related social and economic challenges associated with carbon sequestration projects. Chapters deliver insights to both academics from diverse disciplines (natural sciences, social sciences and engineering) and to policy makers. 


Hindu Kush Himalayan Region sustainable carbon management alpine ecosystems indigenous people livelihood perspectives mountain landscapes sustainable management of forest resources biochar for carbon sequestration Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau livestock production herders’ livelihoods carbon and livelihood carbon financing

Editors and affiliations

  • Zhanhuan Shang
    • 1
  • A. Allan Degen
    • 2
  • Muhammad Khalid Rafiq
    • 3
  • Victor R. Squires
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Life SciencesLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  2. 2.Ben-Gurion University of the NegevBeer ShevaIsrael
  3. 3.Pakistan Agricultural Research CouncilIslamabadPakistan
  4. 4.University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

About the editors

​Dr. Zhanhuan Shang is a Professor at the School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University in China. 

Dr. Muhammad Khalid Rafiq is a Senior Scientific Officer at the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council in Islamabad, Pakistan. 

Dr. Victor R. Squires is an Ex-Professor and Consultant at International Dryland Management Consultant, Adelaide University, Australia.

Bibliographic information

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