© 2019

Positive Psychological Intervention Design and Protocols for Multi-Cultural Contexts

  • Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl
  • Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr.
  • Bridges the science-practitioner gap by presenting specific intervention protocols and frameworks of positive psychological attributes such as humor, gratitude, and flourishing within multicultural contexts

  • Provides specific guidelines on the design, dissemination and evaluation of positive psychology interventions within multicultural contexts

  • Shows practice-friendly approaches to enhancing positive capacities through self-administered intentional activities, group-based development and individual therapeutic techniques


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl, Emir Efendic, Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr., Rebecca Shankland
    Pages 1-32
  3. Bryan J. Dik, Brian A. Canning, Dylan R. Marsh
    Pages 57-80
  4. Evangelia Demerouti, Maria C. W. Peeters, Machteld van den Heuvel
    Pages 103-125
  5. Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr., Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl, Cindy Rautenbach
    Pages 241-276
  6. Lené I. Jorgensen-Graupner, Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl
    Pages 381-404
  7. Megan Christine Hayes, Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl
    Pages 415-433

About this book


This volume presents innovative and contemporary methodologies and intervention protocols for the enhancement of positive psychological attributes in multicultural professional and organizational contexts. Most methods, models and approaches that underpin positive psychological interventions are confined to clinical samples, closed systems or monocultural contexts, which restrict their applicability to particular contexts. Extensive practical intervention protocols, designs and methods which usually accompany first draft intervention papers are condensed into brief paragraphs in final manuscripts or removed in their entirety. This, in turn, reduces their potential for replicability or adoption by consumers, practitioners, or industry. This volume develops guidelines for enhancing positive psychological attributes, such as positive moods (e.g. positive affect; life satisfaction), strengths (e.g. gratitude; humour),  cognitions (e.g. hope; optimism) and  behaviours (e.g. emotional regulation; positive relationship building) within various multicultural contexts. Thereby, it shows how positive psychology interventions can be replicated to a wide-range of contexts beyond those in which they were developed. 


Positive Psychological Interventions Self-administered Intentional Activities Group Based Strengths Development Replicating PPI Studies Adventure Therapy Employability Attributes Scale Open Case Setting Humor Training in Multicultural Contexts Self-determination Theory Narrative Identity Team Intervention

Editors and affiliations

  • Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl
    • 1
  • Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences, Human Performance Management GroupEindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Optentia Research Focus AreaNorth-West University Vaal Triangle CampusVanderbijlparkSouth Africa

About the editors

Llewellyn van Zyl (PhD) is currently an assistant professor of work and organizational psychology at the University of Eindhoven in the Netherlands.  He also holds an extraordinary professorship in Industrial Psychology with the Optentia Research Focus Area at the North-West University. Academically, he has completed a Doctorate degree in the field of Industrial Psychology, specializing in the development and evaluation of Positive Psychological Interventions aimed at increasing happiness. He also holds a Master of Commerce, an Honours and a Bachelor’s degree in Industrial Psychology, which were obtained from the North-West University (cum laude) at the top of his class. These qualifications provided him with a means to register with the Health Professions Council of South Africa as a psychologist (cat: industrial). Professionally, Llewellyn is a respected researcher and published author of various scientific articles and specialist books. Within the scientific community he is known for his academic work as Associate Editor of the South African Journal of Industrial Psychology as well as his work on the editorial board of the Journal of Leadership and Organizational studies. Llewellyn has extensive experience within the tertiary educational environment (as a lecturer and researcher), as well as within the private and public sectors (as a consultant). Llewellyn has a passion for Online Positive Psychological Interventions aimed at talent development and consumer behaviour. As of 1 January 2017, Llewellyn holds the ranking as a C2 rated researcher with the National Research Foundation within South Africa.


Sebastiaan Rothmann (Ph.D) is a professor in Industrial/Organisational Psychology at the North-West University (Vanderbijlpark Campus) and the Director of the Optentia Research Programme in South Africa. His research journey started with the topics of stress, burnout and work engagement and has evolved towards prospering and flourishing of people in work and organisational contexts. People who prosper in work and organisational contexts are satisfied with their jobs, experience positive emotions, are energetic, learning and dedicated, experience satisfaction of their autonomy, competence and relatedness needs, find meaning and purpose in their work, experience harmony and relate positively. He focuses on researching the prospering of people at work, the antecedents and outcomes thereof, and intervention programmes that could contribute to prospering of individuals and organisations.

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