© 2019

Collateral Values

The Natural Capital Created by Landscapes of War

  • Todd R. Lookingbill
  • Peter D. Smallwood

Part of the Landscape Series book series (LAEC, volume 25)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Todd R. Lookingbill, Peter D. Smallwood
      Pages 3-14
  3. Battlefields

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 15-15
    2. Justin Madron, Lauren Tilton
      Pages 17-36
    3. Carly D. Sibilia, Geoffrey Carter, Todd R. Lookingbill
      Pages 37-76
    4. Todd R. Lookingbill, Emily S. Minor, Lisa A. Wainger
      Pages 133-154
  4. Borderlands

  5. Synthesis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 261-261
    2. Peter D. Smallwood, Todd R. Lookingbill
      Pages 263-270
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 271-274

About this book


This book explores the unanticipated benefits that may arise after wars and conflicts, showing how the preservation of battlefields and the establishment of borderlands can create natural capital in the former landscapes of war. The editors call this Collateral Value, in contrast to the collateral damage that war inflicts upon infrastructure, natural capital, and human capital. The book includes case studies recounting successes and failures, opportunities and risks, and ambitious proposals.

The book is organized in two sections. The first visits U.S., English, and French battlefield sites dating from medieval England to World War I. The second explores borderlands located on several continents, established to end or prevent conflict. Both of these can create value beyond their original purpose, by preserving natural areas and restoring biodiversity. Among the topics covered are:

· Registering English Battlefields

· Old forts and new amenities in the Southern Plains of the U.S.

· Verdun, France, and the conservation of WWI cultural and natural heritage

· Conservation lessons learned in the Cordillera del Condor Corridor of the Andes mountains

· Korea’s DMZ and its nature preserve

· Wakhan National Park, a mountainous buffer area between Afghanistan and Pakistan

The book examines state-of-the-art applications of landscape ecology, including methods for change detection, connectivity analysis, and the quantification of ecosystem services. Also included is a chapter on a creative proposal for “Guantánamo 2.0,” which would transform the Gitmo detention facility into a peace park and ecological research center. A concluding chapter appraises the past, present, and future of Collateral Values.

Collateral Values: The Natural Capital Created by Landscapes of War benefits a broad audience of advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and practicing professionals.


Ecosystem Services Landscape Ecology Natural Capital Battlefield Peace Park Protected Areas

Editors and affiliations

  • Todd R. Lookingbill
    • 1
  • Peter D. Smallwood
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geography and the EnvironmentUniversity of RichmondRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of RichmondRichmondUSA

Bibliographic information


“The chapters in this volume explore a fascinating cultural and ecological synergy playing out on protected battlefields and borderlands.  Global case studies provide breadth, but also invite further investigation by showing the great potential of managing natural and historical resources side by side.  Collateral Values is an excellent reference for scholars, students, and anyone interested in the complex trajectories of landscapes affected by warfare.” (Thor Hanson, Conservation Biologist and co-editor of Warfare Ecology, United States)