Tuberculosis in Animals: An African Perspective

  • Asseged B.  Dibaba
  • Nicolaas P. J.  Kriek
  • Charles O. Thoen

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Human and Animal Tuberculosis in Africa

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Nicolaas P. J. Kriek
      Pages 3-14
    3. Asseged B. Dibaba, C. J. Daborn, S. Cadmus, A. Michel
      Pages 15-30
    4. Paul D. van Helden, Anita Michel
      Pages 31-40
    5. S. I. B. Cadmus, P. I. Fujiwara, J. A. Shere, B. Kaplan, C. O. Thoen
      Pages 41-55
    6. Anita L. Michel, Paul D. van Helden
      Pages 57-72
    7. Sven D. C. Parsons, Michele A. Miller, Paul D. van Helden
      Pages 73-86
  3. Epidemiology of Bovine Tuberculosis in Africa

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 87-87
    2. Asseged B. Dibaba, C. J. Daborn
      Pages 89-126
    3. Adrian Muwonge, Franklyn Egbe, Mark Bronsvoort, Demelash B. Areda, Tiny Hlokwe, Anita Michel
      Pages 127-169
    4. Nicolaas P. J. Kriek, Demelash B. Areda, Asseged B. Dibaba
      Pages 171-235
    5. Asseged B. Dibaba, Nicolaas P. J. Kriek
      Pages 237-270
  4. Country Reports

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 271-271
    2. Julius Awah-Ndukum, Nkongho Franklyn Egbe, Victor Ngu-Ngwa
      Pages 283-303
    3. Aziza Amin
      Pages 305-315
    4. Dorothy Yeboah-Manu, Adwoa Asante-Poku
      Pages 339-349
    5. Poya E. C. Njoka, Asseged B. Dibaba
      Pages 351-362
    6. Gervais Habarugira, Joseph Rukelibuga, Manassé Nzayirambaho
      Pages 379-386
    7. Anita L. Michel, Donald R. Sibanda, Lin-Mari de Klerk-Lorist
      Pages 387-401
    8. Z. A. Ishag, El Tigani Asil, Ali Parsaeimehr, Guo-Qing Shao
      Pages 403-413
    9. Bugwesa Z. Katale, Hezron E. Nonga, Rudovick R. Kazwala
      Pages 415-423
    10. A. Muwonge, L. Nyakarahuka, W. Ssengooba, J. Oloya, F. Olea-Popelka, C. Kankya
      Pages 425-443
    11. Sydney Malama, Musso Munyeme, John B. Muma
      Pages 445-453

About this book


This book recounts the biology of M. bovis, followed by the status of bovine Tuberculosis (bTB) in African countries, primarily based on zoonotic and epidemiological field reports. Since the accumulation of data is valueless unless it led to practicable control measures, emphasis is put on locally adapted protocols for future control of the disease. In order to systematically evaluate the knowledge base of bTB, Epidemiologic Problem Oriented Approach (EPOA) methodology was used. The methodology is composed of two triads: i) the problem identification/characterization triad, which is mainly descriptive in nature, and ii) the problem management/solution/mitigation triad, which is mainly geared toward problem management/solution (see figure). The first triad comprises three pillars: i) agent ii) host, and iii) environment and the second one: i) therapeutics/treatment, ii) prevention/control, and iii) health maintenance/promotion. The two triads are linked together by the diagnostic procedure linkage. The systematic and detailed studies of the ‘Host-Agent-Environment’ interactions are the building blocks to the understanding of agent transmission pathways and disease spread. These may include data about the disease status of the country, the nature of the disease agent and its hosts, the modes of transmission, the wildlife reservoirs in nature, persistence of infection, and agent survival in animal products and the environment. The problem identification and characterization triad identifies these interactions. Once a problem has been identified and well understood, the next step is to minimize the risk of transmission and spread of a disease. This area, referred to as problem solution/management triad, consists of problem management alternatives that rely upon prevention/control, and health maintenance/promotion of the disease in livestock, wildlife, and humans with the emphasis on resource-poor, developing countries in Africa.


Bovine Tuberculosis (bTB) Epidemiologic Pattern Epidemiologic Problem Oriented Approach (EPOA) Mycobacterium (M.) bovis Prevention and Control Programs Zoonosis

Editors and affiliations

  • Asseged B.  Dibaba
    • 1
  • Nicolaas P. J.  Kriek
    • 2
  • Charles O. Thoen
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary MedicinceTuskegee UniversityTuskegeeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary ScienceUniversity of PretoriaOnderstepoortSouth Africa
  3. 3.Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive MedicineIowa State University College of Veterinary MedicineAmesUSA

Bibliographic information