Geology of the Oman Mountains, Eastern Arabia

  • Mike Searle

Part of the GeoGuide book series (GEO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiv
  2. Geography, History and Exploration

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Mike Searle
      Pages 27-47
  3. Geology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 49-49
    2. Mike Searle
      Pages 85-115
    3. Mike Searle
      Pages 117-126
  4. Regional GeoPark Sites

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 127-127
    2. Mike Searle
      Pages 129-146
    3. Mike Searle
      Pages 147-177
    4. Mike Searle
      Pages 179-204
    5. Mike Searle
      Pages 205-233
    6. Mike Searle
      Pages 235-277
    7. Mike Searle
      Pages 279-312
    8. Mike Searle
      Pages 313-347
    9. Mike Searle
      Pages 349-378
    10. Mike Searle
      Pages 379-410
    11. Mike Searle
      Pages 411-428
    12. Mike Searle
      Pages 429-442
  5. GeoParks, Conservation and the Future

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 443-443
    2. Mike Searle
      Pages 445-463
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 465-478

About this book


This book describes in detail numerous geological sites throughout the mountains of Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in Eastern Arabia. The region is well known for its oil and gas reserves in the desert interior, and Permian-Mesozoic shelf carbonates exposed in the mountains of the Musandam peninsula, Jebel al-Akhdar and Saih Hatat, where deep wadi canyons provide impressive three-dimensional views into the crust. The region has numerous globally important geological sites, including the world’s largest and best-exposed ophiolite complex, the Semail Ophiolite, which is a vast thrust sheet of Cretaceous ocean crust and upper mantle emplaced onto the Arabian continental margin. Other sites include spectacular fossil localities, subduction zone metamorphic rocks (eclogites, blueschists, amphibolites), fold-thrust belts, giant sheath folds and Precambrian salt domes, as well as the huge sand dunes of the Rub al’Khali, the Empty Quarter, and the separate Wahiba (Sharkiyah) sandsea of Eastern Oman.

Written by Mike Searle, who has worked on geological research projects throughout Oman and UAE almost every year since 1978, this book describes the field geology of each site and includes a wealth of maps, field photos and diagrams illustrating key features. It also discusses the history of exploration of Arabia and the search for its hidden geological secrets. The book provides the geological basis for the establishment of a series of World Heritage Sites, National GeoParks and Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) throughout the region. As such, it is of interest to geologists, tourists, mountaineers, trekkers, rock climbers and naturalists.


Al Hajar Mountains Oman Geoparks Geology of Arabian Peninsula Ophiolite complex Tethyan Margin Passive margin geotourism in Oman United Arab Emirates geology Geosites of Oman

Authors and affiliations

  • Mike Searle
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesOxford UniversityOxfordUK

Bibliographic information

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Oil, Gas & Geosciences