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MHC Class-I Loss and Cancer Immune Escape

  • Federico Garrido
Book

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1151)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Federico Garrido
    Pages 1-14
  3. Federico Garrido
    Pages 15-78
  4. Federico Garrido
    Pages 91-95
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 97-101

About this book

Introduction

This book is about the escape strategies used by cancer cells to avoid the immune response of the host. The main characters of this story are the “Antigen Presenting Molecules” and the “T Lymphocytes”. The former are known as the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC): the H-2 and the HLA molecules. The latter are a subgroup of white cells travelling all over our body which are capable to distinguish between “self and non self”.

Readers will know from the inside about the history of the HLA genetic system and will discover how T lymphocytes recognize and destroy cancer cells. One of the key important questions is: Why tumors arise, develop and metastasize? This book tries to answer this question and will explain how cancer cells become invisible to killer T lymphocytes. The loss of the HLA molecules is a major player in this tumor escape mechanism.

Cancer immunotherapy is aimed at stimulating T lymphocytes to destroy tumor cells. However, the clinical response rate is not as high as expected. The molecular mechanisms responsible for MHC/HLA antigen loss play a crucial role in this resistance to immunotherapy. This immune escape mechanism will be discussed in different types of tumors: lung, prostate, bladder and breast…ect. as well as melanoma and lymphoma.

This book will be useful to Oncologists, Pathologists and Immunologist that will enter this fascinating area of research. It will be also interesting for biologist, doctoral students and medical residents interested in “Tumor Immunology”.    

Keywords

tumor immune escape T lymphocytes HLA cancer immunotherapy

Authors and affiliations

  • Federico Garrido
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Analisis Clinicos e Inmunologia, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Facultad de MedicinaUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-17864-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-17863-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-17864-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0065-2598
  • Series Online ISSN 2214-8019
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Pharma
Health & Hospitals
Biotechnology