The Global Market for Investor Citizenship

  • Jelena Džankić

Part of the Politics of Citizenship and Migration book series (POCM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Jelena Džankić
    Pages 1-23
  3. Jelena Džankić
    Pages 25-56
  4. Jelena Džankić
    Pages 213-222
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 223-225

About this book


This book presents a systematic study of the history, theory and policy of investor citizenship and residence programmes. It explores how states develop new rules of joining their community in response to globalisation and highlights the tension between citizenship policies aimed at migrant integration and those, such as the sale of passports, which create ‘long-distance citizens’. Individual chapters offer insights in the historical relationship between citizenship, money and property; discuss arguments that support and counter the practice of the sale of citizenship; and examine the interests and strategies of the different actors—states, companies, individuals—that constitute the ‘supply’ and ‘demand’ sides of the burgeoning citizenship industry. The book provides a global overview of the market for investor citizenship as well as a separate policy analysis of the sale of citizenship and residence in the European Union.

Jelena Džankić is Coordinator of the Global Citizenship Observatory (GLOBALCIT) at the European University Institute, Italy. She researches citizenship in Europe and beyond, Europeanisation, and politics of identity.


selling citizenship citizenship industry global market citizenship policies migrant integration cultural elements of nationhood globalization European Union public policy development economics international business

Authors and affiliations

  • Jelena Džankić
    • 1
  1. 1.European University Institute, RSCASSan Domenico di FiesoleItaly

Bibliographic information