© 2019

The Resilient City in World War II

Urban Environmental Histories

  • Simo Laakkonen
  • J. R. McNeill
  • Richard P. Tucker
  • Timo Vuorisalo

Part of the Palgrave Studies in World Environmental History book series (PSWEH)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. Urban Environment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 21-21
    2. Santiago Gorostiza
      Pages 23-46
    3. Katherine Macica
      Pages 47-67
    4. Sarah Frohardt-Lane
      Pages 81-102
  4. Urban Nature

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 103-103
    2. Rauno Lahtinen
      Pages 105-126
    3. Thomas J. (Tom) Arnold
      Pages 127-150
    4. Mieke Roscher, Anna-Katharina Wöbse
      Pages 151-175
    5. Timo Vuorisalo, Mikhail V. Kozlov
      Pages 177-200
  5. Urban Society

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 201-201
    2. Nicole Elizabeth Barnes
      Pages 203-218
    3. Geoffrey C. Gunn
      Pages 219-236
    4. Michael D. Pante
      Pages 237-257
    5. Kimmo Ahonen, Simo Laakkonen, William M. Tsutsui
      Pages 259-278
  6. Conclusions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 279-279
    2. Simo Laakkonen, J. R. McNeill, Richard P. Tucker, Timo Vuorisalo
      Pages 281-302

About this book


The fate of towns and cities stands at the center of the environmental history of World War II. Broad swaths of cityscapes were destroyed by the bombing of targets such as transport hubs, electrical grids, and industrial districts, and across Europe, Asia, and the Americas, urban environments were transformed by the massive mobilization of human and natural resources to support the conflict. But at the same time, the war saw remarkable resilience among the human and non-human residents of cities. Foregrounding the concept of urban resilience, this collection uncovers the creative survival strategies that city-dwellers of all kinds turned to in the midst of environmental devastation. As the first major study at the intersection of environmental, urban, and military history, The Resilient City in World War II lays the groundwork for an improved understanding of rapid change in urban environments, and how societies may adapt.


Shock cities Urban planning Climate change Second World War Ecosystem Spanish Civil War water supply military-industrial complex air pollution wartime conservation wartime urban argiculture animals in World War II postwar recovery eco-horror atomic bomb in science fiction industrial warfare socio-environmental stress

Editors and affiliations

  • Simo Laakkonen
    • 1
  • J. R. McNeill
    • 2
  • Richard P. Tucker
    • 3
  • Timo Vuorisalo
    • 4
  1. 1.University of TurkuTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Georgetown UniversityWashington, DCUSA
  3. 3.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  4. 4.Department of BiologyUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland

About the editors

Simo Laakkonen is Senior Lecturer of Landscape Studies at the University of Turku, Finland.

J. R. McNeill is Professor of History at Georgetown University, USA.

Richard P. Tucker is Adjunct Professor of Environmental History at the University of Michigan, USA.

Timo Vuorisalo is Senior Lecturer of Environmental Science at the University of Turku, Finland.

Bibliographic information