© 2019

Mortality Among Hispanic and African-American Players After Desegregation in Major League Baseball


Part of the SpringerBriefs in Public Health book series (BRIEFSPUBLIC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvi
  2. The Backstory

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Jeffrey S. Markowitz
      Pages 3-11
  3. Empirical Study Description and Preliminary Results

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 31-31
    2. Jeffrey S. Markowitz
      Pages 33-44
    3. Jeffrey S. Markowitz
      Pages 45-48
    4. Jeffrey S. Markowitz
      Pages 49-51
  4. Other Independent Variables and More Definitive Testing of Study Hypotheses

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 53-53
    2. Jeffrey S. Markowitz
      Pages 55-61
    3. Jeffrey S. Markowitz
      Pages 63-84
    4. Jeffrey S. Markowitz
      Pages 85-90
  5. External Analysis and Discussion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 91-91
    2. Jeffrey S. Markowitz
      Pages 101-116
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 117-118

About this book


This compelling book examines mortality risk among former Hispanic and African-American players in Major League Baseball (MLB) during the 40-year period following desegregation in the League. Analyzing a variety of biological, cultural, social, and environmental factors, the author illustrates the potential health effects of racial disparities on these elite athletes and fills a significant gap in the mortality literature.

Included in the coverage:

  • The history and evolution of professional baseball in both the United States and Latin America
  • Literature and statistical reviews of racial and ethnic inequalities in mortality in the US general population
  • Overview and evaluation of methodologies used to statistically analyze mortality risk in this professional-athlete population
  • Implications and applications of research findings related to Hispanic and African-American MLB-player mortality

A unique perspective on a pressing public health issue, Mortality Among Hispanic and African-American Players After Desegregation in Major League Baseball is a salient read for public health professionals including epidemiologists, medical professionals, and social scientists, as well as athletes, historians, and those with broad interest in African American and Latino health.


racial and ethnic health disparities elite athletes and mortality race/national origin and mortality major league baseball (MLB) players and mortality mortality risk of African American MLB players mortality risk of Latino major league baseball players desegregation and mortality among MLB players mortality comparison among MLB, NBA, and NFL players educational attainment and mortality racial disparities and mortality risk health equity mortality between MLB players & general population mortality of Latino MLB players based on birth country African American professional baseball players Latino professional baseball players epidemiology health data and statistics

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Health Data AnalyticsPrinceton JunctionUSA

About the authors

​Jeffrey S. Markowitz, DrPH, is an epidemiologist who has authored three books, Pigskin Crossroads: The Epidemiology of Concussions in the National Football League (NFL), 2010-2012 (2013), Lost Seasons: Arrests, Suspensions, Career Chaos, and Mortality Among National Football League (NFL) Players (2016), and Mortality and Its Risk Factors Among Professional Athletes: A Comparison Between Former NBA and NFL Players (Springer, 2018). From 1983 to 1992, Dr. Markowitz was an adjunct assistant professor of Public Health at the School of Public Health at Columbia University in New York, NY, USA.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Mortality Among Hispanic and African-American Players After Desegregation in Major League Baseball
  • Authors Jeffrey S. Markowitz
  • Series Title SpringerBriefs in Public Health
  • Series Abbreviated Title SpringerBriefs Public Health
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Medicine Medicine (R0)
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-17279-4
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-030-17280-0
  • Series ISSN 2192-3698
  • Series E-ISSN 2192-3701
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XXVI, 118
  • Number of Illustrations 1 b/w illustrations, 1 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Epidemiology
    Sports Medicine
    Social Structure, Social Inequality
    Public Health
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Health & Hospitals
Public Health