Detection and Assessment of Dental Caries

A Clinical Guide

  • Andrea Ferreira Zandona
  • Christopher Longbottom

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Andrea Ferreira Zandona, Christopher Longbottom
    Pages 1-3
  3. Background

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 5-5
    2. Christopher Longbottom, Andrea Ferreira Zandona
      Pages 7-16
    3. Andrea Cortés, Stefania Martignon, Gail Douglas
      Pages 17-26
    4. Christopher Deery
      Pages 27-32
  4. Visual Detection Criteria

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 33-33
    2. Gregory Zeller, Douglas A. Young, Brian Novy
      Pages 57-67
    3. Soraya Leal, Ana Paula Dias Ribeiro, Ana Luiza de Souza Hilgert
      Pages 69-81
    4. Marisa Maltz, Rodrigo Alex Arthur, Clarissa Fatturi-Parolo
      Pages 83-98
    5. Áine M. Lennon, Wolfgang Buchalla
      Pages 99-106
  5. Additional Detection Methods as Aid to Caries Lesion Diagnosis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 107-107
    2. Falk Schwendicke, Gerd Göstemeyer
      Pages 109-117
    3. Gerd Göstemeyer, Falk Schwendicke
      Pages 119-126
    4. Richard Hogan, Iain A. Pretty, Roger P. Ellwood
      Pages 139-150
    5. Jan Kühnisch
      Pages 151-158
    6. Baek-II Kim
      Pages 159-170
    7. Klaus W. Neuhaus, Adrian Lussi
      Pages 171-175
  6. Caries Diagnostic Methods in the Making

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 187-187
    2. Funda Çalışkan Yanıkoğlu, Dilek Tağtekin
      Pages 209-216
    3. Christopher Longbottom, Bruce Vernon
      Pages 217-224
  7. Treatment Decision After Detection

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 225-225
    2. Margherita Fontana, Marie-Charlotte D. N. J. M. Huysmans
      Pages 227-233
  8. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 241-241
    2. Christopher Longbottom, Andrea Ferreira Zandona
      Pages 243-244
  9. Appendices

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 245-245
    2. Marie-Charlotte D. N. J. M. Huysmans
      Pages 247-249

About this book


This book explains how to optimize clinical conditions for detection of the earliest visible signs of dental caries and how best to assess caries activity as a basis for effective management.  The available evidence from the literature on detection criteria and methods is distilled and placed in a clinical context to facilitate implementation in clinical practice. Guidance is offered on removal of the dental biofilm and the potential impact of various factors on the performance of different caries detection devices. The histological changes that occur during the caries process and their effect on the clinical appearance of caries lesions are explained. In addition, several caries classification systems based on visual detection criteria and designed to allow staging are presented. Consideration is also given to currently marketed detection aids, including methods involving light fluorescence, transillumination, and radiography. In each case, a summary of the detection performance, based on available supporting evidence, is tabulated together with advice on appropriate clinical application. The reader will find the text to be clearly written and informative, with many supporting clinical images.


Caries activity Caries lesion stages Dental clinical examination Hidden Caries Tooth surface

Editors and affiliations

  • Andrea Ferreira Zandona
    • 1
  • Christopher Longbottom
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Comprehensive CareTufts University School of Dental MedicineBostonUSA
  2. 2.King’s College London Dental InstituteLondonUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-16965-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-16967-1
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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