Shoaling with Fish: Using Miniature Robotic Agents to Close the Interaction Loop with Groups of Zebrafish Danio rerio

  • Frank  Bonnet
  • Francesco Mondada

Part of the Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics book series (STAR, volume 131)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxv
  2. Frank Bonnet, Francesco Mondada
    Pages 1-12
  3. Frank Bonnet, Francesco Mondada
    Pages 27-45
  4. Frank Bonnet, Francesco Mondada
    Pages 47-66
  5. Frank Bonnet, Francesco Mondada
    Pages 75-94
  6. Frank Bonnet, Francesco Mondada
    Pages 95-107
  7. Frank Bonnet, Francesco Mondada
    Pages 139-151
  8. Frank Bonnet, Francesco Mondada
    Pages 153-161
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 163-169

About this book


Robotic animals are nowadays developed for various types of research, such as bio-inspired robotics, biomimetics and animal behavior studies. More specifically, in the case of collective animal behavior research, the robotic device can interact with animals by generating and exploiting signals relevant for social behavior. Once perceived by the animal society as conspecific, these robots can become powerful tools to study the animal behaviors, as they can at the same time monitor the changes in behavior and influence the collective choices of the animal society.

In this book, we present novel robotized tools that can integrate shoals of fish in order to study their collective behaviors. We used the current state of the art on the zebrafish social behavior to define the specifications of the robots, and we performed stimuli analysis to improve their developments. Bio-inspired controllers were designed based on data extracted from experiments with zebrafish for the robots to mimic the zebrafish locomotion underwater.

Experiments involving mixed groups of fish and robots qualified the robotic system to be integrated among a zebrafish shoal and to be able to influence the collective decisions of the fish. These results are very promising for the field of animal-robot interaction studies, as we showed the effect of the robots in long-duration experiments and repetitively, with the same order of response from the animals.


Robotic Animals Bio-inspired robotics Biomimetics Robotic Fish Fish-Robot Interaction

Authors and affiliations

  • Frank  Bonnet
    • 1
  • Francesco Mondada
    • 2
  1. 1.Biorobotics Laboratory, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)LausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Biorobotics Laboratory, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)LausanneSwitzerland

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