Cryogenic Safety

A Guide to Best Practice in the Lab and Workplace

  • Thomas J. Peterson
  • J. G. Weisend II

Part of the International Cryogenics Monograph Series book series (ICMS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Thomas J. Peterson, J. G. Weisend II
    Pages 1-13
  3. Thomas J. Peterson, J. G. Weisend II
    Pages 15-28
  4. Thomas J. Peterson, J. G. Weisend II, John Jurns, Stephen Woods
    Pages 29-50
  5. Thomas J. Peterson, J. G. Weisend II, John Jurns, Stephen Woods
    Pages 51-76
  6. John M. Jurns
    Pages 77-118
  7. Stephen S. Woods
    Pages 119-179
  8. Thomas J. Peterson, J. G. Weisend II
    Pages 181-189
  9. Thomas J. Peterson, J. G. Weisend II
    Pages 191-201
  10. Thomas J. Peterson, J. G. Weisend II
    Pages 203-205
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 207-213

About this book


This book describes the current state of the art in cryogenic safety best practice, helping the reader to work with cryogenic systems and materials safely.  It brings together information from previous texts, industrial and laboratory safety polices, and recent research papers. Case studies, example problems, and an extensive list of references are included to add to the utility of the text.

It describes the unique safety hazards posed by cryogenics in all its guises, including issues associated with the extreme cold of cryogenics, the flammability of some cryogenic fluids, the displacement of oxygen by inert gases boiling off from cryogenic fluids, and the high pressures that can be formed during the volume expansion that occurs when a cryogenic fluid becomes a room temperature gas.  A further chapter considers the challenges arising from the behavior of materials at cryogenic temperatures. Many materials are inappropriate for use in cryogenics and can fail, resulting in hazardous conditions.  Despite these hazards, work at cryogenic temperatures can be performed safely.

The book also discusses broader safety issues such as hazard analysis, establishment of a safe work culture and lessons  learned from cryogenic  safety in accelerator labs. This book is designed to be useful to everyone affected by cryogenic hazards regardless of their expertise in cryogenics.


Cryogenic Equipment Cryogenic Fluids Cryogenic Hazards Cryogenic Instrumentation Cryogenic Materials Cryogenic Safety Equipment Cryogenic Safety Policy Cryogenic Safety in Medical Physics Cryogenics Accidents Cryogenics Best Practice Cryogenics Guidelines Cryogenics Laboratories Cryogenics Regulations Cryogenics Safety Handling of Cryogenic Fluids Handling of Cryogenic Liquids He II Safety LH2 Safety Physiological Hazards of Cryogenics Safety at Low Temperatures

Authors and affiliations

  • Thomas J. Peterson
    • 1
  • J. G. Weisend II
    • 2
  1. 1.SLAC National Accelerator LaboratoryMenlo ParkUSA
  2. 2.European Spallation Source ESS, ERICLundSweden

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Energy, Utilities & Environment