Becoming Bilingual in School and Home in Tibetan Areas of China: Stories of Struggle

  • YiXi LaMuCuo

Part of the Multilingual Education book series (MULT, volume 34)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. YiXi LaMuCuo
    Pages 1-14
  3. YiXi LaMuCuo
    Pages 49-67
  4. YiXi LaMuCuo
    Pages 69-87
  5. YiXi LaMuCuo
    Pages 149-166
  6. YiXi LaMuCuo
    Pages 167-174
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 175-183

About this book


This book contributes significantly to our understanding of bilingualism and bilingual education as a sociocultural and political process by offering analyses of the stories of five Tibetan individual journeys of becoming bilingual in the Tibetan areas of China at four different points in time from 1950 to the present.

The data presented comprises the narrative of their bilingual encounters, including their experiences of using language in their families, in village, and in school. Opportunities to develop bilingualism were intimately linked with historical and political events in the wider layers of experiences, which reveal the complexity of bilingualism. Moreover, their experiences of developing bilingualism are the stories of struggle to become bilingual. They struggle because they want to keep two languages in their lives. It illustrates their relationship with society. They are Tibetans. L1 is not the official language of their country, but it is the tie with their ethnicity. It addresses bilingualism linked with the formation of identity.

The unique feature of this book is that it offers a deep understanding of bilingualism and bilingual education by examining the stories of five individuals’ learning experiences over a period of almost 60 years.


Development of biligualism in Tibetan areas of China Bilingualism and identity Life stories about the development of bilingualism Ethnicity in China Narrative method Language minorities Tibetan bilingual education

Authors and affiliations

  • YiXi LaMuCuo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Tibetan Culture & LanguageNorthwest Minzu UniversityLanzhouChina

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Education Education (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-14667-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-14668-9
  • Series Print ISSN 2213-3208
  • Series Online ISSN 2213-3216
  • Buy this book on publisher's site