Resistance Under Communist China

Religious Protesters, Advocates and Opportunists

  • Ray Wang

Part of the Human Rights Interventions book series (HURIIN)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Ray Wang
    Pages 1-33
  3. Ray Wang
    Pages 73-99
  4. Ray Wang
    Pages 191-224
  5. Ray Wang
    Pages 225-231
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 233-235

About this book


This book examines religious activism—Christianity, Buddhism, and Taoism—in China, a powerful atheist state that provides one of the hardest challenges to existing methods of transnational activism. The author focuses on mechanisms used by three kinds of actors: protesters, advocates and opportunists, and uses regional, inter-faith, and international comparisons to understand why some foreign advocates can enter China and engage in illegal aid and missions to empower local activists, while the same groups cannot conduct the same activities in another geographically, economically and politically similar location. The stories in this book demonstrate a more inclusive and bottom-up approach of transnational activism; they challenge the conventional spiral theory paradigm of human rights literature and the narrow views about GONGOs in civil society literature. This new knowledge helps to sustain a more optimistic view and offers an alternative way of promoting human rights in China and countries with similar authoritarian environments.


Ray Wang is Associate Professor at National Chengchi University, Taiwan. His major research interests focus on human rights, religious freedom and transnational advocacy networks, and he is the recipient of an Excellent Young Scholar Research Fund from the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (2018–2021).


China protest resistance communism advocacy

Authors and affiliations

  • Ray Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate Institute of East Asian StudiesNational Chengchi UniversityTaipei CityTaiwan

Bibliographic information