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Host Stars and their Effects on Exoplanet Atmospheres

An Introductory Overview

  • Jeffrey Linsky
Book

Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 955)

Table of contents

About this book

Introduction

Like planets in our solar system, exoplanets form, evolve, and interact with their host stars in many ways. As exoplanets acquire material and grow to the final size, their atmospheres are subjected to intense UV and X-radiation and high-energy particle bombardment from the young host star. Whether a planet can retain its atmosphere and the conditions for significant mass loss both depend upon the strength of the host star's high-energy radiation and wind, the distance of the exoplanet from its host star, the gravitational potential of the exoplanet, and the initial  chemical composition of the exoplanet atmosphere.

 

This introductory overview describes the physical processes responsible for the emission of radiation and acceleration of winds of host stars that together control the environment of an exoplanet, focusing on topics that are critically important for understanding exoplanetary atmospheres but are usually not posed from the perspective of host stars. Accordingly, both host stars and exoplanets are not studied in isolation but are treated as integrated systems. Stellar magnetic fields, which are the energy source for activity phenomena including high-energy radiation and winds, play a critical role in determining whether exoplanets are habitable.

 

This text is primarily for researchers and graduate students who are studying exoplanet atmospheres and habitability, but who may not have a background in the physics and phenomenology of host stars that provide the environment in which exoplanets evolve. It provides a comprehensive overview of this broad topic rather than going deeply into many technical aspects but includes a large list of references to guide those interested in pursuing these questions.  Nonspecialists with a scientific background should also find this text a valuable resource for understanding the critical issues of contemporary exoplanet research.

Keywords

Planetary atmospheres Exoplanetary aeronomy Stellar photochemistry Star-planet interactions Habitable zones in planetary systems

Authors and affiliations

  • Jeffrey Linsky
    • 1
  1. 1.JILAUniversity of Colorado and NISTBoulderUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11452-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-11451-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-11452-7
  • Series Print ISSN 0075-8450
  • Series Online ISSN 1616-6361
  • Buy this book on publisher's site