The Origins of Ethnic Conflict in Africa

Politics and Violence in Darfur, Oromia, and the Tana Delta

  • Tsega Etefa

Part of the African Histories and Modernities book series (AHAM)

About this book


From Darfur to the Rwandan genocide, journalists, policymakers, and scholars have blamed armed conflicts in Africa on ancient hatreds or competition for resources. Here, Tsega Etefa compares three such cases—the Darfur conflict between Arabs and non-Arabs, the Gumuz and Oromo clashes in Western Oromia, and the Oromo-Pokomo conflict in the Tana Delta—in order to offer a fuller picture of how ethnic violence in Africa begins. Diverse communities in Sudan, Ethiopia, and Kenya alike have long histories of peacefully sharing resources, intermarrying, and resolving disputes. As he argues, ethnic conflicts are fundamentally political conflicts, driven by non-inclusive political systems, the monopolization of state resources, and the manipulation of ethnicity for political gain, coupled with the lack of democratic mechanisms for redressing grievances.


Conflict resolution in Africa history of ethnic conflicts the Darfur conflict Gumuz and Oromo conflict Orma-Pokomo conflict armed violence in Africa center-periphery relations in Africa chronic marginalization in Africa Tana Delta African political elites African resource management democratic governance in Africa

Authors and affiliations

  • Tsega Etefa
    • 1
  1. 1.Colgate UniversityHamiltonUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG, part of Springer Nature 2019
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages History History (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-10539-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-10540-2
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