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Nanomaterials: Ecotoxicity, Safety, and Public Perception

  • Mahendra Rai
  • Jayanta Kumar Biswas

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Ecotoxicity

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Mahendra Rai, Indarchand Gupta, Avinash P. Ingle, Jayanta Kumar Biswas, Olga V. Sinitsyna
      Pages 3-18
    3. Jayanta Kumar Biswas, Mahendra Rai, Avinash P. Ingle, Monojit Mondal, Soumyajit Biswas
      Pages 19-36
    4. Adriano Brandelli
      Pages 57-76
    5. Patrycja Golinska, Magdalena Świecimska, Magdalena Wypij
      Pages 77-93
    6. Irina A. Shurygina, Larisa M. Sosedova, Mikhail A. Novikov, Eugeniy A. Titov, Michael G. Shurygin
      Pages 95-117
    7. Maria Jose Morilla, Eder Lilia Romero
      Pages 133-165
    8. Paulo Ricardo Franco Marcelino, Mariete Barbosa Moreira, Talita Martins Lacerda, Silvio Silvério da Silva
      Pages 167-190
    9. M. Bhuvaneshwari, V. Iswarya, N. Chandrasekaran, Amitava Mukherjee
      Pages 191-206
    10. Ryan Rienzie, Nadeesh M. Adassooriya
      Pages 207-234
  3. Risks

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 235-235
    2. O. V. Sinitsyna, G. B. Meshkov, I. V. Yaminsky
      Pages 237-252
    3. Maria Angélica M. Costa, Henrique M. Fogarin, Ana F. M. Costa, Lorena O. Pires, Débora D. V. Silva, Michele Lima-Souza et al.
      Pages 253-279
  4. Safety Issues, Regulations and Public Perception

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 281-281
    2. Bushra Jamil, Rabia Javed, Asma Saleem Qazi, Muhammad Ali Syed
      Pages 283-304
    3. Sanchita Mandal, Binoy Sarkar, Raj Mukhopadhyay, Jayanta Kumar Biswas, K. M. Manjaiah
      Pages 305-317
    4. Kizhaeral S. Subramanian, S. K. Rajkishore
      Pages 319-342
    5. Wilson Engelmann, Raquel Von Hohendorff, Daniele Weber S. Leal
      Pages 343-364
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 365-370

About this book

Introduction

The environment is prone to suffer pollution and toxic insult from generations of nanomaterials as well from accidental releases during production, transportation, and disposal operations. The NMs could interact with and cause adverse biological effects at cellular, subcellular, and molecular levels. Assessing potential environmental/ecological risks requires quality information on transport and fate of nanoparticles in the environment, exposures and vulnerabilities of organisms to the nanomaterials and standard methods for assessing toxicity for aquatic or terrestrial organisms and human health. The systematic risk characterization and evaluation of the safety of nanomaterials require a multidisciplinary approach and convergence of knowledge and efforts from researchers and experts from toxicology, biotechnology, materials science, chemistry, physics, engineering, and other branches of life sciences. Although studies are beginning to appear in the literature addressing the toxicity of various nanomaterials and their potential for exposure, at this stage definitive statements regarding the impacts of nanomaterials on human health and the environment remain sketchy requiring an increased level of precautions with regard to nanomaterials, as has happened with other emerging contaminants and technologies (e.g., biotechnology). The need for an increased level of understanding the perception of risk and of benefits will vary and is likely to influence public, regulatory, and non-governmental activities regarding risk and benefit evaluations. Systematic identification and assessment of the risks posed by any new technology are essential. A prudent, integrated, and holistic approach is required to develop best practices based on the scientific understanding about what we know and what we don’t know but need to know.  Nanomaterials addresses key issues of ecotoxicological actions and effects of nanomaterials on life and environment, their threats, vulnerability, risks, and public perception. The readers learn to read bad news objectively and think about and search for ecological ‘green’ solutions to current environmental and ecological problems with blue, grey, brown, and red shades for building a sustainable ecosystem. It shows how this molecular terrain is a common ground for interdisciplinary research and education that will be an essential component of science, engineering and technology in the future. The book is divided into three sections. Section I includes general topics related to ecotoxicity of nanomaterials to microbes, plants, human and  environment. Section 2 incorporates risks generated by the use of nanomaterials. Section 3 discusss safety issues and the public.

 

 

Keywords

unintentionally produced nanomaterials nano-bio interactions nanoclays nanomeetals carbon nanomaterials lipid-based nanomedicines silver, zinc and carbon nanomaterials biomass burning toxicity nano hazards and safety food nanomaterial toxicity and safety

Editors and affiliations

  • Mahendra Rai
    • 1
  • Jayanta Kumar Biswas
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologySant Gadge Baba Amravati UniversityAmravatiIndia
  2. 2.International Centre for Ecological Engineering, Department of Ecological StudiesUniversity of KalyaniKalyani, NadiaIndia

Bibliographic information

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