© 2019

Chinese Criminal Entrepreneurs in Canada, Volume I


  • Fills a gap in the field of organised crime and mono-ethnic criminal networks, by examining a Chinese criminal network in Canada

  • Looks at how organized criminal conspiracies are structured: hierarchy versus network

  • Speaks to people interested in: Drug Crime, Transnational Crime, Security, Policing and Law Enforcement, Migration Studies, Asian Organised Crime, and Criminal Network studies


Part of the Transnational Crime, Crime Control and Security book series (TCCCS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Alex Chung
    Pages 1-32
  3. Alex Chung
    Pages 69-93
  4. Alex Chung
    Pages 95-121
  5. Alex Chung
    Pages 123-158
  6. Alex Chung
    Pages 159-191
  7. Alex Chung
    Pages 193-223
  8. Alex Chung
    Pages 225-245
  9. Alex Chung
    Pages 247-279
  10. Alex Chung
    Pages 281-284
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 285-340

About this book


This book explores the historical origins, activities, and structure of the archetypal ‘new’ Asian criminal entrepreneurs in Canada, known as The Big Circle Boys (BCB). It traces their illegal immigration abroad from Guangzhou, the extent to which they are organised and violent, and what the future holds for them in Canada. The BCB’s organisational features are examined against theories and legislation of organised crime to understand how they compare to other criminal entities. For the first time, a unique glimpse is provided into the workings of an elusive cellular network comprised of BCB dai lo (bosses). Through interviews and official documents, their criminal undertakings and structural dimensions are pieced together to show how their interdependent and collaborative cells enabled them to form a dynamic criminal community. This book speaks to those interested in how a collective of ethnic-Chinese career criminals have replaced traditional criminal organisations in transnational criminal markets, particularly for scholars and students of social sciences disciplines.


Organised crime transnational crime mono-ethnic criminal network career criminals crime and networks global crime international crime drug crime migration asian criminal network law enforcement drug trafficking China crime Canada crime counterfeit criminal entrepreneurs violence gang asian criminology

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.University College LondonLondonUK

About the authors

Alex Chung is Research Associate at University College London’s Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy (UCL STEaPP). This two-volume series is based on his doctoral study undertaken at Oxford University, UK.

Bibliographic information