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© 2019

Evidence-Based Surgery

A Guide to Understanding and Interpreting the Surgical Literature

  • Achilles Thoma
  • Sheila Sprague
  • Sophocles H. Voineskos
  • Charles H. Goldsmith
Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Achilles Thoma, Jessica Murphy, Sheila Sprague, Charles H. Goldsmith
    Pages 1-8
  3. Achilles Thoma, Sheila Sprague, Luis H. Braga, Sophocles H. Voineskos
    Pages 9-15
  4. Achilles Thoma, Sheila Sprague, Sophocles H. Voineskos, Jessica Murphy
    Pages 17-22
  5. Laura Banfield, Jo-Anne Petropoulos, Neera Bhatnagar
    Pages 23-36
  6. Gina Del Fabbro, Sofia Bzovsky, Achilles Thoma, Sheila Sprague
    Pages 37-49
  7. Aristithes G. Doumouras, Dennis Hong
    Pages 51-60
  8. Katherine B. Santosa, Anne Klassen, Andrea L. Pusic
    Pages 71-83
  9. Seper Ekhtiari, Ryan P. Coughlin, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R. Ayeni
    Pages 85-92
  10. Achilles Thoma, Jenny Santos, Margherita Cadeddu, Eric K. Duku, Charles H. Goldsmith
    Pages 93-102
  11. Max Solow, Raman Mundi, Vickas Khanna, Mohit Bhandari
    Pages 103-113
  12. Guowei Li, Gillian A. Lancaster, Lehana Thabane
    Pages 115-124
  13. Yaad Shergill, Atefeh Noori, Ngai Chow, Jason W. Busse
    Pages 125-134
  14. Daniel Waltho, Kristen Davidge, Cagla Eskicioglu, for the Evidence-Based Surgery Working Group
    Pages 135-144
  15. Andrea Copeland, Lucas Gallo, Noor Alolabi
    Pages 145-157
  16. Ramy Behman, Lev Bubis, Paul Karanicolas
    Pages 159-170
  17. Achilles Thoma, Jenny Santos, Jessica Murphy, Eric K. Duku, Charles H. Goldsmith
    Pages 171-181
  18. Christopher J. Coroneos, Brian Hyosuk Chin
    Pages 183-191
  19. Martin A. Koyle, Jessica H. Hannick
    Pages 193-199

About this book

Introduction

The purpose of this book specifically is to teach surgeons (academic or community), surgical fellows and surgical residents regardless of the surgical specialty, the skills to appraise what they read in the surgical literature.  Surgeons need to be able to understand what they read before applying the conclusions of a surgical article to their practice.  As most surgeons do not have the extra training in health research methodology, understanding how the research was done, how to interpret the results and finally deciding to apply them to the patient level is indeed a difficult task.
 
Chapters explain the methodological issues pertaining to the various study designs reported in the surgical literature.  Most chapters begin with a clinical scenario with uncertain course of action with which most surgeons are struggling.  Readers are taught how to search the literature for the best evidence that will answer the surgical problem under discussion. An identified article that seems relevant to the problem you are investigating can be appraised by addressing 3 key questions: 1). Is the study I am reading valid? 2). What are the results of this study? 3). Can I apply these results to my patients?
 
While the primary goal of Evidence-Based Surgery is to teach surgeons how to appraise the surgical literature, an added benefit is that the concepts explained here may help research-minded surgeons produce higher quality research.

Keywords

EBS Outcome Measures Surgical Interventions Cohort Studies Randomized Controlled Trials Confounding and Interactions

Editors and affiliations

  • Achilles Thoma
    • 1
  • Sheila Sprague
    • 2
  • Sophocles H. Voineskos
    • 3
  • Charles H. Goldsmith
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (HEI)McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (HEI)McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic SurgeryMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  4. 4.Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (HEI)McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

About the editors

Achilles Thoma
Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery
Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (HEI)
McMaster University 
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
 
Sheila Sprague,
Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery
Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (HEI)
McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
 
Sophocles H. Voineskos
Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery
McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Charlie H. Goldsmith
Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (HEI)
McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine,
The University of British Columbia,
Vancouver, BC, Canada

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Evidence-Based Surgery
  • Book Subtitle A Guide to Understanding and Interpreting the Surgical Literature
  • Editors Achilles Thoma
    Sheila Sprague
    Sophocles H. Voineskos
    Charles H. Goldsmith
  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05120-4
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Medicine Medicine (R0)
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-05119-8
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-030-05120-4
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XVII, 360
  • Number of Illustrations 18 b/w illustrations, 37 illustrations in colour
  • Topics General Surgery
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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