Evidence-Based Surgery

A Guide to Understanding and Interpreting the Surgical Literature

  • Achilles Thoma
  • Sheila Sprague
  • Sophocles H. Voineskos
  • Charles H. Goldsmith

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Achilles Thoma, Jessica Murphy, Sheila Sprague, Charles H. Goldsmith
    Pages 1-8
  3. Achilles Thoma, Sheila Sprague, Luis H. Braga, Sophocles H. Voineskos
    Pages 9-15
  4. Achilles Thoma, Sheila Sprague, Sophocles H. Voineskos, Jessica Murphy
    Pages 17-22
  5. Laura Banfield, Jo-Anne Petropoulos, Neera Bhatnagar
    Pages 23-36
  6. Gina Del Fabbro, Sofia Bzovsky, Achilles Thoma, Sheila Sprague
    Pages 37-49
  7. Aristithes G. Doumouras, Dennis Hong
    Pages 51-60
  8. Katherine B. Santosa, Anne Klassen, Andrea L. Pusic
    Pages 71-83
  9. Seper Ekhtiari, Ryan P. Coughlin, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R. Ayeni
    Pages 85-92
  10. Achilles Thoma, Jenny Santos, Margherita Cadeddu, Eric K. Duku, Charles H. Goldsmith
    Pages 93-102
  11. Max Solow, Raman Mundi, Vickas Khanna, Mohit Bhandari
    Pages 103-113
  12. Guowei Li, Gillian A. Lancaster, Lehana Thabane
    Pages 115-124
  13. Yaad Shergill, Atefeh Noori, Ngai Chow, Jason W. Busse
    Pages 125-134
  14. Daniel Waltho, Kristen Davidge, Cagla Eskicioglu, for the Evidence-Based Surgery Working Group
    Pages 135-144
  15. Andrea Copeland, Lucas Gallo, Noor Alolabi
    Pages 145-157
  16. Ramy Behman, Lev Bubis, Paul Karanicolas
    Pages 159-170
  17. Achilles Thoma, Jenny Santos, Jessica Murphy, Eric K. Duku, Charles H. Goldsmith
    Pages 171-181
  18. Christopher J. Coroneos, Brian Hyosuk Chin
    Pages 183-191
  19. Martin A. Koyle, Jessica H. Hannick
    Pages 193-199
  20. Stuart Archibald, Jessica Murphy, Achilles Thoma, Charles H. Goldsmith
    Pages 201-215
  21. Saurabh Gupta, Kevin Kim, Emilie Belley-Côté, Richard P. Whitlock
    Pages 217-223
  22. Gloria M. Rockwell, Jessica Murphy
    Pages 225-238
  23. Achilles Thoma, Feng Xie, Jenny Santos, Charles H. Goldsmith
    Pages 239-253
  24. Robin McLeod
    Pages 255-263
  25. Brian Hyosuk Chin, Christopher J. Coroneos
    Pages 265-275
  26. M. Torchia, D. Austin, I. L. Gitajn
    Pages 277-284
  27. Charles H. Goldsmith, Eric K. Duku, Achilles Thoma, Jessica Murphy
    Pages 285-299
  28. Jessica Bogach, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Margherita O. Cadeddu
    Pages 301-309
  29. Jessica Murphy, Eric K. Duku, Achilles Thoma, Charles H. Goldsmith
    Pages 311-325
  30. Alexandra Hatchell, Sophocles H. Voineskos
    Pages 327-336
  31. Christopher J. Coroneos, Stavros A. Antoniou, Ivan D. Florez, Melissa C. Brouwers
    Pages 337-345
  32. Back Matter
    Pages 347-360

About this book


The purpose of this book specifically is to teach surgeons (academic or community), surgical fellows and surgical residents regardless of the surgical specialty, the skills to appraise what they read in the surgical literature.  Surgeons need to be able to understand what they read before applying the conclusions of a surgical article to their practice.  As most surgeons do not have the extra training in health research methodology, understanding how the research was done, how to interpret the results and finally deciding to apply them to the patient level is indeed a difficult task.
Chapters explain the methodological issues pertaining to the various study designs reported in the surgical literature.  Most chapters begin with a clinical scenario with uncertain course of action with which most surgeons are struggling.  Readers are taught how to search the literature for the best evidence that will answer the surgical problem under discussion. An identified article that seems relevant to the problem you are investigating can be appraised by addressing 3 key questions: 1). Is the study I am reading valid? 2). What are the results of this study? 3). Can I apply these results to my patients?
While the primary goal of Evidence-Based Surgery is to teach surgeons how to appraise the surgical literature, an added benefit is that the concepts explained here may help research-minded surgeons produce higher quality research.


EBS Outcome Measures Surgical Interventions Cohort Studies Randomized Controlled Trials Confounding and Interactions

Editors and affiliations

  • Achilles Thoma
    • 1
  • Sheila Sprague
    • 2
  • Sophocles H. Voineskos
    • 3
  • Charles H. Goldsmith
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (HEI)McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (HEI)McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic SurgeryMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  4. 4.Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (HEI)McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-3-030-05119-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-030-05120-4
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Health & Hospitals