© 2019

Plant and Human Health, Volume 3

Pharmacology and Therapeutic Uses

  • Munir Ozturk
  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem


  • Contributions from leading scientists worldwide

  • Explores the history and relationship of medicinal plants usages of fertilizer in improving crop yield, disease resistance, and nitrogen absorption

  • An all-in-one reference of research studies on plant-based therapeutics


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Nazim A. Mamedov, Dilfuza Egamberdieva
    Pages 1-21
  3. Svetlana A. Pleskanovskaya, Maya A. Mamedova, Mehri A. Ashiraliyeva, Volkan Altay, Munir Ozturk
    Pages 23-35
  4. Rahil Razzak Bhat, Muneeb U. Rehman, Ambreen Shabir, Manzoor U. Rahman Mir, Anas Ahmad, Rehan Khan et al.
    Pages 37-63
  5. Rajbala Singh, Imran Kazmi, Muhammad Afzal, Faisal Imam, Khalid Saad Alharbi
    Pages 65-86
  6. G. Mustafa, S. H. Ansari, Z. A. Bhat, A. S. Abdulkareim
    Pages 87-100
  7. Shakir Saleem, Riqaiyah Khan, Imran Kazmi, Muhammad Afzal
    Pages 101-137
  8. Salih Tunc Kaya, Celal Guven, Eylem Taskin
    Pages 139-180
  9. Furkhan Ahmed Mohammed, Syed Shoeb Razvi, Waseem Mohammed Abdul, Kaleemuddin Mohammed, Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Babajan Banaganapalli et al.
    Pages 181-194
  10. Girish Chandran, S. R. Smitha Grace, Jyoti Bala Chauhan
    Pages 195-208
  11. Muqtadir Baig Mirza, Fareeduddin Quadri Syed, Fazal Khan, Ayman I. Elkady, Atef M. Al-Attar, Khalid Rehman Hakeem
    Pages 209-230
  12. Fareeduddin Quadri Syed, Muqtadir Baig Mirza, Ayman I. Elkady, Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Saleh Alkarim
    Pages 231-254
  13. Shweta Jain, Ankur Vaidya, Kamal Shah, Durgesh Nandini Chauhan, Nagendra Singh Chauhan
    Pages 255-283
  14. Ajay Sharma, G. A. Nayik, Damanjit Singh Cannoo
    Pages 285-299
  15. Musadiq Hussain Bhat, Mufida Fayaz, Amit Kumar, Ashok Kumar Jain
    Pages 301-319
  16. M. Ali, S. H. Ansari, Sayeed Ahmad, Syeda Sanobar, Arshad Hussain, Shah Alam Khan et al.
    Pages 321-341
  17. M. Ali, Hassan Ahmad Alhazmi, S. H. Ansari, Arshad Hussain, Sarfaraz Ahmad, Md Sarfaraz Alam et al.
    Pages 343-352
  18. Waseem Mohammed Abdul, Kaleemuddin Mohammed, Furkhan Ahmed Mohammed, Syed Shoeb Razvi, Babajan Banaganapalli, Noor Ahmad Shaik et al.
    Pages 353-371
  19. Back Matter
    Pages 373-385

About this book


Early anthropological evidence for plant use as medicine is 60,000 years old as reported from the Neanderthal grave in Iraq. The importance of plants as medicine is further supported by archeological evidence from Asia and the Middle East. Today, around 1.4 billion people in South Asia alone have no access to modern health care, and rely instead on traditional medicine to alleviate various symptoms. On a global basis, approximately 50 to 80 thousand plant species are used either natively or as pharmaceutical derivatives for life-threatening conditions that include diabetes, hypertension and cancers. As the demand for plant-based medicine rises, there is an unmet need to investigate the quality, safety and efficacy of these herbals by the “scientific methods”. Current research on drug discovery from medicinal plants involves a multifaceted approach combining botanical, phytochemical, analytical, and molecular techniques. For instance, high throughput robotic screens have been developed by industry; it is now possible to carry out 50,000 tests per day in the search for compounds which act on a key enzyme or a subset of receptors. This and other bioassays thus offer hope that one may eventually identify compounds for treating a variety of diseases or conditions. However, drug development from natural products is not without its problems. Frequent challenges encountered include the procurement of raw materials, the selection and implementation of appropriate high-throughput bioassays, and the scaling-up of preparative procedures.

Research scientists should therefore arm themselves with the right tools and knowledge in order to harness the vast potentials of plant-based therapeutics. The main objective of Plant and Human Health is to serve as a comprehensive guide for this endeavor. Volume 1 highlights how humans from specific areas or cultures use indigenous plants. Despite technological developments, herbal drugs still occupy a preferential place in a majority of the population in the third world and have slowly taken roots as alternative medicine in the West. The integration of modern science with traditional uses of herbal drugs is important for our understanding of this ethnobotanical relationship. Volume 2 deals with the phytochemical and molecular characterization of herbal medicine. Specifically, it will focus on the secondary metabolic compounds which afford protection against diseases.  Lastly, Volume 3 focuses on the physiological mechanisms by which the active ingredients of medicinal plants serve to improve human health. Together this three-volume collection intends to bridge the gap for herbalists, traditional and modern medical practitioners, and students and researchers in botany and horticulture.


plant-based medicine secondary metabolites alternative medicine molecular pharming medicinal and aromatic plants

Editors and affiliations

  • Munir Ozturk
    • 1
  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem
    • 2
  1. 1.Vice President of the Islamic World Academy of SciencesAmannJordan
  2. 2.Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

About the editors

Dr. Khalid Rehman Hakeem (PhD) is an Associate Professor at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He has completed his Ph.D. (Botany) from Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India in 2011. Dr. Hakeem has worked as Post Doctorate Fellow in 2012 and Fellow Researcher (Associate Prof.) from 2013-2016 at Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia. His speciality is in Plant Eco-Physiology, Molecular biology, Plant-Microbe-soil interactions, Medicinal plant research and Environmental Sciences and so far has edited and authored more than 25 books with Springer International, Academic Press (Elsevier) etc. He has also to his credit more than 110 research publications in peer reviewed international journals, including 40 book chapters in edited volumes with international publishers. Dr Hakeem is the recipient of many national and international awards and fellowships.

Prof. (Dr.) Münir Öztürk (PhD) has served at the Ege University Izmir, Turkey for 50 years in different positions. He has been elected as the “Vice President of the Islamic World Academy of Sciences”; has received the fellowships from Alexander von Humboldt, Japanese Society for Promotion of Science and National Science Foundation of USA. Dr. Ozturk has served as Chairman Botany Department and Founding Director Centre for Environmental Sudies, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey, as Consultant Fellow, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia and as Distinguished Visiting Scientist, ICCBS, Karachi University, Pakistan. His fields of scientific interest are Plant Eco-Physiology; Conservation of Plant Diversity; Biosaline Agriculture and Crops; Pollution, Biomonitoring, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. He has published 40 books, 50 book chapters and 175 papers in journal with impact factor.

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