© 2019

The Ecological Role of Micro-organisms in the Antarctic Environment

  • Susana Castro-Sowinski
  • Provides a thorough overview of important physiological microbial groups in Antarctica

  • Discovers how microorganisms shape the Antarctic environment

  • Gives an insight into Antarctic science and the ecology of extreme environments


Part of the Springer Polar Sciences book series (SPPS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. The Role of Microorganisms in the Biogeochemical Cycles in Antarctica

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Marc W. Van Goethem, Don A. Cowan
      Pages 3-23
    3. Silvana Vero, Gabriela Garmendia, Adalgisa Martínez-Silveira, Ivana Cavello, Michael Wisniewski
      Pages 45-64
    4. Juan José Marizcurrena, María Fernanda Cerdá, Diego Alem, Susana Castro-Sowinski
      Pages 65-82
  3. Invasive Colonization and Human Perturbations in Antarctic Microbial Ecosystems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 83-83
    2. Matías Giménez, Gastón Azziz, Paul R. Gill, Silvia Batista
      Pages 85-107
    3. Katie King-Miaow, Kevin Lee, Teruya Maki, Donnabella LaCap-Bugler, Stephen David James Archer
      Pages 163-196
  4. The Ecological Roles of Microorganisms Inhabiting Specific Antarctic Niches

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 219-219
    2. Vanesa Amarelle, Valentina Carrasco, Elena Fabiano
      Pages 221-237
    3. Mayara B. Ogaki, Maria T. de Paula, Daniele Ruas, Franciane M. Pellizzari, César X. García-Laviña, Luiz H. Rosa
      Pages 239-255
    4. Júnia Schultz, Alexandre Soares Rosado
      Pages 257-275
    5. Angelina Lo Giudice, Maurizio Azzaro, Stefano Schiaparelli
      Pages 277-296
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 297-298

About this book


This book provides up-to-date multidisciplinary information regarding microbial physiological groups in terms of their role in the Antarctic ecology. How do microorganisms shape the Antarctic environment? The book presents a thorough overview of the most important physiological microbial groups or microbial systems that shape the Antarctic environment. Each microbial model is described in terms of their physiology and metabolism, and their role in the Antarctic environmental sustainability. The individual chapters prepare readers for understanding the relevance of the microbial models from both an historical perspective, and considering  the latest developments. This book will appeal to researchers and teachers interested in the Antarctic science, but also to students who want to understand the role of microbes in the ecology of extreme environments.


Antarctic microbes and microbial ecology Nutrient cycling in the Antarctic Trophic ecology in extreme environments Physiology and metabolism of microbes Role of Antarctic bacteria/cynobacteria microbial physiological groups microbial drivers in Antarctic aquatic environments Microbial ecology of Antarctic aquatic systems physiological groups of bacteria

Editors and affiliations

  • Susana Castro-Sowinski
    • 1
  1. 1.Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of SciencesUniversidad de la RepúblicaMontevideoUruguay

About the editors

Dr. Susana Castro-Sowinski is Ph.D. in Chemistry and has completed her academic training at the Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Robert Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment in Rehovot, Israel. Currently, she is Associate Professor at the Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Section, Faculty of Sciences, Universidad de la República, in Montevideo, Uruguay, and member of the Researcher National System (SNI), the Program for Developing Basic Sciences (PEDECIBA) and the Editorial Board of Symbiosis (Springer) and Environmental Sustainability (Springer). Her specific area of research has been the molecular-plant microbe interaction, but currently, she is exploring a new area of research, focusing her work on the microbial ecology of Antarctic systems and the development of biotechnological products using the genetic material of Antarctic microorganisms.

Professor Castro-Sowinski has 40 research papers published in international journals, six book chapters and has edited one book. She has tutored many postgraduate students in the areas of the potential use of microorganisms in the development of the biotechnological application. She also teaches biochemistry and biotechnology for graduate students in three different courses (Biochemistry, Introductory Course to Antarctic Research and Antarctic Summer School; Faculty of Sciences, Universidad de la República).

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