© 2019

Precarity and Vocational Education and Training

Craftsmanship and Employability in Romania


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Maria-Carmen Pantea
    Pages 1-16
  3. Manual Work, Vocations and the Creation of Working Subjects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 17-17
    2. Maria-Carmen Pantea
      Pages 19-34
    3. Maria-Carmen Pantea
      Pages 35-59
    4. Maria-Carmen Pantea
      Pages 61-74
  4. Part II

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 75-78
    2. Maria-Carmen Pantea
      Pages 157-195
    3. Maria-Carmen Pantea
      Pages 197-221
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 223-229

About this book


This book explores how the changing nature of work intersects with and influences young people’s views on their future. As an increasingly precarious service sector overtakes traditional industrial work, vocational education and training (VET) is held up as a panacea for poverty alleviation, youth unemployment and economic growth. However, the views of young people in VET themselves concerning their own work and aspirations have largely been ignored. Based on interviews and focus groups conducted with over 250 young people in VET in Romania, this book examines the types of subjectivities that are generated in the processes by which they try to make sense of future and the meanings of work. In doing so, the author identifies three ideological layers that frame their views: arguing that while the young people interviewed hold ‘conventional’ aspirations for stability and predictability; they were visibly influenced by neoliberal beliefs in agency, experimentation and short termism. Ultimately, a layer of low expectations crystallises unvoiced concerns over a troubling future. In highlighting young people’s voices, this pioneering book calls for a recalibration of the emphasis on VET in Romania. It will appeal to students and scholars of youth studies, the sociology of work, vocational education and training and European studies.


VET Vocational education Work and education Youth employability Craftsmanship and education VET in Romnia Vocational education in Romania Youth and precarity

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Sociology and Social WorkBabeș-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania

About the authors

Maria-Carmen Pantea is Associate Professor in the Department of Social Work at Babeş-Bolyai University, Romania. Her research interests focus on youth studies; particularly the relationship between young people and work in its various forms, including entrepreneurship and vocational education and training.

Bibliographic information