© 2018

The Rise of Empires

The Political Economy of Innovation


  • Explores the nexus of empires with a contemporary interest in innovation

  • Evaluates the relevance of traditional economic theory

  • Uses a cross-cultural approach to explore the economic and social progress of civilisations


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Sangaralingam Ramesh
    Pages 1-16
  3. Sangaralingam Ramesh
    Pages 17-47
  4. Sangaralingam Ramesh
    Pages 89-116
  5. Sangaralingam Ramesh
    Pages 117-140
  6. Sangaralingam Ramesh
    Pages 141-169
  7. Sangaralingam Ramesh
    Pages 171-199
  8. Sangaralingam Ramesh
    Pages 233-261
  9. Sangaralingam Ramesh
    Pages 263-293
  10. Sangaralingam Ramesh
    Pages 295-307
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 309-328

About this book


This book describes and evaluates how institutional innovation and technological innovation have impacted on humanity from pre-historical times to modern times, and how societies have been transformed in history. The author interrogates the relationship between innovation and civilisation -– particularly  the dynamic whereby innovation leads to empire-building -– and  explores innovation efforts that stimulated economic and social synergies from the Babylonian Empire in 1900 BC up to the British Empire in the twentieth century. The author uses historical cross-cultural case studies to establish the factors which have given competitive advantages to societies and empires.
This book will be of interest to researchers and students in political economy, economic history, economic growth and innovation economics.


Technological innovation Institutional Innovation Political Economy Economic Growth Economic History Babylonian Empire Ancient Greece Roman Empire Chola Dynasty Mongol Empire Song Dynasty British Empire

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department for Continuing EducationUniversity of Oxford, Rewley HouseOxfordUK

About the authors

Dr Sangaralingam Ramesh is Economics Tutor in the Department of Continuing Education at the University of Oxford, and a Teaching Fellow in Economics at University College London. He has been an Associate Professor in Economics at the Université Paris Dauphine GBD, France and Economics Module Leader at Kings College London, University of London, UK. He has published articles in the International Journal of Economic Sciences and Applied Research, the Journal of the Knowledge Economy and the Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development. Most recently he published China's Lessons for India, Volumes I & II (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017).

Bibliographic information

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