Advertisement

© 2018

Cotton Fiber: Physics, Chemistry and Biology

  • David D. Fang

Benefits

  • Authoritative guide to cotton fiber properties and compositions

  • Up-to-date accounts on cotton crop breeding

  • Latest molecular characterization and genetic modification of cotton is discussed

Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. David D. Fang
    Pages 1-11
  3. Alfred D. French, Hee Jin Kim
    Pages 13-39
  4. Christopher D. Delhom, Brendan Kelly, Vikki Martin
    Pages 41-73
  5. Wenfang Gong, Xiongming Du, Yinhua Jia, Zhaoe Pan
    Pages 117-132
  6. Hee Jin Kim
    Pages 133-150
  7. B. Todd Campbell, Jane K. Dever, Kari L. Hugie, Carol M. Kelly
    Pages 193-215
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 217-222

About this book

Introduction

Cotton fiber is the most important natural fiber used in the textile industry. The physical structure and chemical compositions of cotton fibers have been extensively studied. Newer high speed spinning instruments are being deployed around the world that demand longer, stronger and finer fibers.  Consequently, genetic improvement in fiber quality has been stressed. With improvement in fiber quality has come the realization that further fiber improvement will require a better understanding of fiber development and biology. As a consequence, cotton fiber developmental biology, genetics and genomics have become focal points in the cotton research community. As the longest single-celled plant hair, cotton fiber has been used as an experiment model to study trichome initiation and elongation in plants. This book provides a comprehensive update on cotton fiber physics, chemistry and biology that form the three sections of the book. In the physics section, the physical structure of cotton fiber is first illustrated in great detail. Then a suite of fiber properties and their measuring methods are described. The pros and cons of each method are outlined. New methods to measure physical properties of single fiber and young developing fibers are included. In the chemistry section, the chemical compositions of cotton fibers are described in detail. This knowledge is necessary for efficient modification of cotton fibers for better and broader utilization. The advancement in cotton fiber modification using chemical and enzymatic methods opened new ways to utilize cotton fibers. In the biology section, the book first introduces the utilization of naturally occurring color cottons. Color cottons possess unique attributes such as better fire retardant ability. Advancement in understanding fiber color genetics and biochemical pathways and new utilization of color cottons are discussed. Recent technological advancements in molecular biology and genomics have enabled us to study fiber development in great depth. Many genes and quantitative trait loci related to fiber quality attributes have been identified and genetically mapped. Some of these genes and QTLs are being used in breeding. Progresses in cotton fiber improvement using breeding and biotechnology are discussed in the last chapter.  This book serves as a reference for researchers, students, processors, and regulators who either conduct research in cotton fiber improvement or utilize cotton fibers.

Keywords

Cellulose Fiber measurement Chemical and enzymatic modification Genetics and breeding Biotechnology Natural fiber

Editors and affiliations

  • David D. Fang
    • 1
  1. 1.Cotton Fiber Bioscience Research UnitUSDA-ARS, Southern Regional Research CenterNew OrleansUSA

About the editors

David Fang is a Supervisory Research Geneticist and Research Leader of the Cotton Fiber Bioscience Research Unit, USDA-ARS Southern Regional Research Center in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. He leads a team to study cotton fiber development using biochemical, genetic, molecular and genomic methods and technologies. His research interests focus on two aspects: 1) identification of superior fiber alleles and quantitative trait loci based on the analysis of MAGIC populations, and use them in breeding with assistance of DNA markers; 2) elucidation of the molecular mechanisms of fiber development especially elongation and secondary cell wall thickening through comparative analyses of fiber mutants and their respective wild types. Prior to the current position, he was the Molecular Cotton Breeder, and Director of Molecular Cotton Breeding at Delta and Pine Land Company. He obtained his Ph.D. in 1990 from Huazhong Agricultural University, China.

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Biotechnology
Consumer Packaged Goods
Pharma

Reviews

“Written by leading experts in the field, makes the book a standard work for students entering this fascinating field of research, but also for chemists, biologists, engineers and investors, who are active in cotton industry and research. … good bibliography and offer new perspective and resources for better understanding the field.” (Bogdan Marian Tofanica, Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, Vol. 53 (3 – 4), 2019)