Surface Microscopy with Low Energy Electrons

  • Ernst Bauer

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Ernst Bauer
    Pages 1-19
  3. Ernst Bauer
    Pages 21-88
  4. Ernst Bauer
    Pages 89-188
  5. Ernst Bauer
    Pages 189-228
  6. Ernst Bauer
    Pages 229-345
  7. Ernst Bauer
    Pages 347-408
  8. Ernst Bauer
    Pages 409-464
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 479-496

About this book


This book, written by a pioneer in surface physics and thin film research and the inventor of Low Energy Electron Microscopy (LEEM), Spin-Polarized Low Energy Electron Microscopy (SPLEEM) and Spectroscopic Photo Emission and Low Energy Electron Microscopy (SPELEEM), covers these and other techniques for the imaging of surfaces with low energy (slow) electrons. These techniques also include Photoemission Electron Microscopy (PEEM), X-ray Photoemission Electron Microscopy (XPEEM), and their combination with microdiffraction and microspectroscopy, all of which use cathode lenses and slow electrons. Of particular interest are the fundamentals and applications of LEEM, PEEM, and XPEEM because of their widespread use. Numerous illustrations illuminate the fundamental aspects of the electron optics, the experimental setup, and particularly the application results with these instruments. Surface Microscopy with Low Energy Electrons will give the reader a unified picture of the imaging, diffraction, and spectroscopy methods that are possible using low energy electron microscopes.

  • Provides a unified description of full-field, low energy electron microscopies
  • Presents the basic theory and experiment of low energy emission and reflection
  • Compares the possibilities and limitations of the various imaging methods
  • Describes multi-method studies
  • Contains an extensive list of references for easy access to the original literature


Cathode lens slow electrons Ernst Bauer LEEM LEEM explained LEEM fundamentals and applications Low Energy Electron Microscopy PEEM PEEM explained PEEM fundamentals and applications Photoemission Electron Microscopy SPELEEM SPLEEM Spectroscopic Photo Emission and Low Energy Electron Microscopy Spin-Polarized Low Energy Electron Microscopy Surface electron microscopy book Surface electron microscopy multi-method studies Surface microscopy low-energy electrons Surface microscopy slow electrons book XPEEM fundamentals and applications cathode lens electron optics emission microscopy book full field imaging imaging diffraction spectroscopy low energy electron microscopes reflection microscopy surface imaging thin film research

Authors and affiliations

  • Ernst Bauer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Bibliographic information

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