Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Species in Evolutionary Theory

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Niles Eldredge
      Pages 3-20
    3. Frederick S. Szalay
      Pages 21-41
    4. J. C. Masters
      Pages 43-64
  3. Speciation and Variation among the Living Primates

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 65-65
    2. Clifford J. Jolly
      Pages 67-107
    3. Colin P. Groves
      Pages 109-121
    4. Gene H. Albrecht, Joseph M. A. Miller
      Pages 123-161
    5. Robert K. Costello, C. Dickinson, A. L. Rosenberger, S. Boinski, Frederick S. Szalay
      Pages 177-210
    6. Brian T. Shea, Steven R. Leigh, Colin P. Groves
      Pages 265-296
  4. Species and Species Recognition in the Primate Fossil Record

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 297-297
    2. Kenneth D. Rose, Thomas M. Bown
      Pages 299-330
    3. Leonard Krishtalka
      Pages 331-344
    4. M. F. Teaford, A. Walker, G. S. Mugaisi
      Pages 373-392
    5. Lawrence B. Martin, Peter Andrews
      Pages 393-427
  5. Species and Species Recognition in the Hominid Fossil Record

  6. Summary

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 537-537
    2. William H. Kimbel, Lawrence B. Martin
      Pages 539-553
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 555-560

About this book


A world of categones devmd of spirit waits for life to return. Saul Bellow, Humboldt's Gift The stock-in-trade of communicating hypotheses about the historical path of evolution is a graphical representation called a phylogenetic tree. In most such graphics, pairs of branches diverge from other branches, successively marching across abstract time toward the present. To each branch is tied a tag with a name, a binominal symbol that functions as does the name given to an individual human being. On phylogenetic trees the names symbolize species. What exactly do these names signify? What kind of information is communicated when we claim to have knowledge of the following types? "Tetonius mathewzi was ancestral to Pseudotetonius ambiguus. " "The sample of fossils attributed to Homo habzlis is too variable to contain only one species. " "Interbreeding populations of savanna baboons all belong to Papio anubis. " "Hylobates lar and H. pileatus interbreed in zones of geographic overlap. " While there is nearly universal agreement that the notion of the speczes is fundamental to our understanding of how evolution works, there is a very wide range of opinion on the conceptual content and meaning of such particular statements regarding species. This is because, oddly enough, evolutionary biolo­ gists are quite far from agreement on what a species is, how it attains this status, and what role it plays in evolution over the long term.


evolution primates systematics taxonomy

Editors and affiliations

  • William H. Kimbel
    • 1
  • Lawrence B. Martin
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Human OriginsBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.State University of New YorkStony BrookUSA

Bibliographic information