Chromatographic Methods

  • R. Stock
  • C. B. F. Rice

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. R. Stock, C. B. F. Rice
    Pages 1-17
  3. R. Stock, C. B. F. Rice
    Pages 18-105
  4. R. Stock, C. B. F. Rice
    Pages 106-176
  5. R. Stock, C. B. F. Rice
    Pages 177-278
  6. R. Stock, C. B. F. Rice
    Pages 279-317
  7. R. Stock, C. B. F. Rice
    Pages 318-359
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 360-383

About this book

Introduction

Classification of chromatographic methods Chromatography is the name given to a particular family of separation techniques of great effectiveness. The original method was described in 1903 by Tswett, who used it for the separation of coloured substances, and the name chromatog­ raphy stems from this. However, the limitation to coloured compounds never really obtained, and most chromatographic separations are nowadays performed on mixtures of colourless substances, including gases. Like fractional distillation, chromatography relies on the relative movement of two phases, but in chromatography one is fixed and is known as the stationary phase; the other is known as the mobile phase. Chromatographic methods may be classified first according to the nature of the mobile phase and, second, according to the nature of the stationary phase. The mobile phase may be a liquid or a gas, and the stationary phase may be a solid or a liquid. There are thus four main sub-divisions of the chromatographic process, as set out in Table 1.1. The system is called adsorption chromatography if the stationary phase is a solid, and partition chromatography if it is a liquid.

Keywords

Chromat adsorption chromatography classification electrophoresis experiment paper phase sorption system

Authors and affiliations

  • R. Stock
    • 1
  • C. B. F. Rice
    • 2
  1. 1.Trent PolytechnicNottinghamUK
  2. 2.Liverpool PolytechnicUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-3360-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media New York 1974
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-412-20810-2
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4899-3360-7
  • About this book
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