© 1984

Introducing CAL

A practical guide to writing Computer-Assisted Learning programs

  • Authors

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Keith Hudson
    Pages 1-22
  3. Keith Hudson
    Pages 23-41
  4. Keith Hudson
    Pages 42-54
  5. Keith Hudson
    Pages 55-65
  6. Keith Hudson
    Pages 66-78
  7. Keith Hudson
    Pages 79-84
  8. Keith Hudson
    Pages 85-106
  9. Keith Hudson
    Pages 107-114
  10. Keith Hudson
    Pages 115-118
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 119-171

About this book


It is often the case - perhaps more often than not - that new ideas arrive long before there is the me ans to clothe and deli ver them. We can think ofLeonardo da Vinci's drawings of helicopters and submarines among many other examples. Computer-Assisted Learning (CAL) is an example of an idea which has had a particularly long gestation. As I will illustrate early in the book, the principles of CAL were really first discovered by Socrates. As a formal method of teaching, the Socratic method disappeared for over two millennia until the 1950s. It was then revived in the form ofProgrammed Learning (PL) which resulted from the researches ofB. F. Skinner at Harvard University. Even then, PL was premature. In the 1950s and 60s, methods were devised, such as teaching machines and various sorts ofPL text books, and there was a mushrooming of PL publishing at that time. For a complex of reason- economic, logistical and technical-PL also largely disappeared from the mid- 60s, although it continued in a few specialized areas ofteaching and industrial training. However, during the same period, PL quietly transformed itselfinto CAL. But the computerized form was not capable of mass dissemination until recently hecause personal microcomputers did not have sufficient internal memory sizes. That situation has now changed very dramatically and 128K microcomputers are becoming cheap and widely available. Cheap memory chips of256K and 1024K cannot be far away, either.


B. F. Skinner CBT Skinner brain complex computer learning memory reinforcement research teaching university

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Introducing CAL
  • Book Subtitle A practical guide to writing Computer-Assisted Learning programs
  • Authors Keith Hudson
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Softcover ISBN 978-0-412-26230-2
  • eBook ISBN 978-1-4899-3190-0
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages X, 171
  • Number of Illustrations 23 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Educational Technology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site