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Neuroimaging I

Basic Science

  • Erin D. Bigler

Part of the Human Brain Function book series (HBFA)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Introduction

    1. Erin D. Bigler
      Pages 1-6
  3. Overview

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 7-7
    2. Robert T. Schultz, Amit Chakraborty
      Pages 9-51
    3. Elizabeth R. Sowell, Terry L. Jernigan
      Pages 53-75
  4. Basic Methods and Techniques

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 77-77
    2. Duane D. Blatter, Erin D. Bigler, C. Sterling Johnson, Carol Anderson, Shawn D. Gale
      Pages 79-95
    3. Susan Y. Bookheimer
      Pages 97-117
    4. Andrew C. Papanicolaou, Ina M. Tarkka
      Pages 161-183
    5. U. Tiede, M. Bomans, K. H. Höhne, A. Pommert, M. Riemer, Th. Schiemann et al.
      Pages 185-197
    6. Ruben C. Gur, Juan Manuel Gutierrez, James A. Holdnack, Richard N. Mahr
      Pages 199-214
  5. Appendix

    1. Marc Steed, Erin D. Bigler
      Pages 215-334
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 335-342

About this book

Introduction

Until recent advents in neuroimaging, the brain had been inaccessible to in vivo visualization, short of neurosurgical procedures or some unfortunate traumatic exposure. It is a tribute to the early contributors to clinical neuroscience that through what, by today's standards, would be deemed extremely crude measure­ ments, advancements in understanding brain function were made. For example, the theories of higher cortical functions of the brain by Aleksandr Luria or Hans-Lukas Teuber in the 1950s were essentially based on military subjects who sustained traumatic head wounds during World War II. These researchers could inspect the patient and determine where penetrating entrance and exit wounds were on the head; sometimes they had skull films to identify entrance and exit fracture wounds, sometimes neurosurgical reports were available, and Luria even had the opportunity to acutely examine some patients with exposed wounds. Thus, one would take whatever information might be available and infer what regions of the brain were involved but could never actually visualize the brain. Of course, this changed dramatically with the introduction of brain imag­ ing in the 1970s, but it really was not until the 1990s that analysis and image display technologies finally caught up with the basic brain-imaging methods of computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Keywords

Syndrom imaging techniques neurology neuropsychology neuroscience psychiatry

Editors and affiliations

  • Erin D. Bigler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA

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